Finding Aid: John Ross Papers

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: English
Description: 11 feet  
Period covered: 1797 - 1897 
Subject matter: John Ross (1790-1866) chief of the First Indian Republic, was principal chief of the Cherokees during the time of the Removal, establishment of the Cherokee Nation, and until his death. During the Civil War he split with the Cherokees who favored the Southern cause and ruled in exile after 1863 from Philadelphia.
The collection contains correspondence, proclamation as chief of the Cherokee Tribe, legal papers, records, accounts, lists of names, and rations allocated  during removal from Tennessee to Indian Territory, official and other papers of the Cherokee Council, petitions and protests to Congress, and  papers relating to the East and West Cherokee controversy and the Civil War.
Interesting items: A number of papers relate to the various detachments, or groups, of Cherokees being removed from their homes in the East. One such paper is the Muster Roll of Captain John Benge's Detachment of Emigrating Cherokees. Another document records expenditures of one detachment,  the costs for which the U.S.  Government  promised  reimbursement.

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Extent: 11 feet

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
http://gilcrease.utulsa.edu/Visit/During-Your-Visit/Policies/Reproduction-Policy

Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests.

Arrangement Title Description Date
John Ross, Folder 59 Unsigned Copy of Letter to William H. Underwood, Esquire

Unsigned copy of letter to William H. Underwood, Esquire seeking information about the developments since the Supreme Court decision. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 59

June 1, 1831
John Ross, Folder 60 Letter from William Wirt to Chief John Ross

Letter from William Wirt to Chief John Ross giving analysis of Supreme Court position. (Resembles Moulton Vol. I, pp. 221-222). Two folded sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on eight pages.
Folder 60

July 18, 1831
John Ross, Folder 61 Resolution of Council

Resolution of Council concerning the punishment for the crime of rape. (OS). One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 61

September 16, 1831
John Ross, Folder 62 Resolution of Council

Resolution of Council regarding the sale of "Ardent Spirits" within 5 miles of General Council in session. (OS). One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 62

September 19, 1831
John Ross, Folder 63 Resolution of Council

Resolution of Council regarding cases in which District Judges are unable to form a decision. (OS) Document is dated September 10, 1831, but the Clerk's signature is dated September 24, 1831. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 63

September 24, 1831
John Ross, Folder 64 Resolution of Council

Resolution of Council requiring persons to give assistance to Lighthorse. [OS]. There are various dates on this document. Council President September 20, 1831; Edward Hicks September 18, 1831; William Thornton, Clerk September 24, 1831. on approval signatures of Black Coal and Walter Webber. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 64

September 24, 1831
John Ross, Folder 65 Resolution of National Committee and Council

Resolution of National Committee and Council authorizing Elias Boudinot to travel in U.S. to raise money for the Cherokee Phoenix. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 65

October 31, 1831
John Ross, Folder 66 Letter from Cherokee Agent George Vashon to the President of the Cherokee National Council Joseph Vann

Letter from Cherokee Agent George Vashon to the President of the Cherokee National Council Joseph Vann approving the "manner of expending the present fund". (OS). Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 66

November 5, 1831
John Ross, Folder 67 Letter from William H. Underwood, Esquire to Chief John Ross

Letter from William H. Underwood, Esquire to Chief John Ross reporting the change of Judges, probably actions by Georgia, and status or writs of error "in the case of the missionaries.' Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 67

November 15, 1831
John Ross, Folder 68 Letter from John Ridge to Chief John Ross

Letter from John Ridge, who is on tour with Elias Boudinot, to Chief John Ross commenting on the political situation and condition of the Arkansas Cherokees, etc. Two folded sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on eight pages.
Folder 68

January 12, 1832
John Ross, Folder 69 Affidavit of Persis Lovely

Affidavit of Persis Lovely concerning a negro given to Patsy Chisholm by Titus Ogden Chisholm. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 69

March 15, 1832
John Ross, Folder 70 Letter from John Ridge to Chief John Ross

Letter from John Ridge to Chief John Ross about support for Elias Boudinot's trip. Is happy about decision in Worchester v. Georgia, and reports on the Secretary of War Lewis Cass who wants a removal treaty. Also says he has given a letter of introduction to Chief John Ross for John Dunlap from Scotland. (Moulton Vol. I, pp. 241-42 resembles this letter). Folded sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on six pages.
Folder 70

April 3, 1832
John Ross, Folder 71 Copy of Letter from John McLean to Chief John Ross

Copy of letter from John McLean to Chief John Ross. Recommends the exchange of Cherokee eastern lands for lands west of the Mississippi. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 71

May 23, 1832
Copy of letter from John McLean to Chief John Ross

Copy of letter from John McLean to Chief John Ross. Recommends the exchange of Cherokee eastern lands for lands west of the Mississippi. Sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on eight pages.
Folder 71

May 23, 1832
John Ross, Folder 72 Letter from James Lang to Chief John Ross

Letter from James Lang to Chief John Ross, Chiefs, and Headmen about their move to the lands west of the Mississippi. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 72

June 10, 1832
John Ross, Folder 73 Letter from John Williams to Chief John Ross

Letter from John Williams to Chief John Ross regarding permission to work gold mines. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 73

September 16, 1832
John Ross, Folder 73A Note from Koowes Koowe

Note from Koowes Koowe concerning election prospects for Henry Clay and Mr. Frelinghuysen. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 73A

circa 1832
John Ross, Folder 74 Resolution of National Committee and Council

Front side of document is a Resolution of National Committee and unknown, regarding improvements. Both signed by John Rogers, President and Wm. Thornton, Clerk and appear to be Old Settler items. It is dated October 9, 1832. The back side is a Resolution of National Committee and Council regarding spoliation claims against the Osage. (OS). It is dated October 10, 1832. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 74

October 10, 1832
John Ross, Folder 75 Resolution of National Committee and Council

Resolution of National Committee and Council regarding the date of annual council. Repeals act requiring General Council meeting to be held first Monday in September and sets meeting date to first Monday in October. (OS). Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on one page.
Folder 75

October 10, 1832
John Ross, Folder 76 Promissory Note of N.D. Scales to Chief John Ross

Promissory note of N.D. Scales payable to Chief John Ross for $125. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 76

November 29, 1832
John Ross, Folder 77 Order by Justice of the Pease William j. Tarvin to George

Order by Justice of the Peace William J. Tarvin committing George, a Cherokee, to Cherokee County jail. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso. Folder 77

January 5, 1833
John Ross, Folder 78 Letter from William Rogers to Chief John Ross

Letter from William Rogers in Chattanooga to Chief John Ross in Washington City concerning the Georgia controversy and giving text of John Walker's letter of December 18, 1832, inviting him to accompany him to Washington. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 78

February 1, 1833
John Ross, Folder 79 Letter from J. Peck to Chief John Ross

Letter from J. Peck in Oakland to Chief John Ross in Washington City regarding the trip to Georgia and asking to be informed of developments. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on one page.
Folder 79

February 1, 1833
John Ross, Folder 80 Letter from John Ridge to Chief John Ross

Letter from John Ridge in Running Waters to Chief John Ross in Washington City. Refers to Walker's letter of February 1, 1833 and suggests that Chief Ross return for "council. After we all know, upon consultation in Council, that we can't be a Nation here, I hope we shall establish it somewhere else! Where, the wisdom of the Nation must try to find." (Moulton). Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 80

February 2, 1833
John Ross, Folder 81 Resolution of National Committee and Council

Resolution regarding Committeemen and councilors, District Judges, and Clerks. Resolution repeals former numbers and sets out pay for services. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 81

March 28, 1833
John Ross, Folder 82 Letter from J. Peck to Chief John Ross

Letter from J. Peck in Oakland to Chief John Ross at the Head of the Coosa regarding another application to the Supreme Court, etc. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 82

April 13, 1833
John Ross, Folder 83 Letter from S. Gunter to Chief John Ross

Letter from S. Gunter to Chief John Ross at Red Clay regarding Council and the Walker letter. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 83

April 24, 1833
John Ross, Folder 90 Certification that Nation has given John Drew an Order to the Agent Regarding Treaty of 1828

Certification that nation has given John Drew an order to the agent under the Treaty of 1828 for $1,200. $856 has been spent and Drew is responsible to the Nation for $344. Old Settlers. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 90

February 10, 1834
John Ross, Folder 91 Certificates given from the Cherokee Nation to Workmen

Certificates by workmen grubbing and burning brush on land before James McGray deadened trees without authority. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 91

April 2, 1834
John Ross, Folder 93 Letter from Suntadegi to Chief John Ross

Letter from Suntadegi to Chief John Ross, R. Taylor, Daniel McCoy, John Timson, and Hair Conrad; Cherokee Delegation. Describing forced enrollment, and seizure of his lands by a white man. Attested by Evan Jones regarding McCrory. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 93

April 3, 1834
John Ross, Folder 94 Certificates by John Walker and Benjamin Stanton

Certificates by John Walker and Benjamin Stanton concerning land seizures. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 94

April 3, 1834
John Ross, Folder 96 Certification by J. D. Wofford

Certification by J. D. Wofford and attested by E. Jones concerning Taveskee property claimed by white man. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso. Folder 96.

April 3, 1834
John Ross, Folder 97 Certification by Chamana to Cherokee Delegation

Certification by Chamana to Cherokee Delegation concerning land loss and is attested by E. Jones. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 97

April 3, 1834
John Ross, Folder 99 Letter from Edward Hardin, Esquire to Chief John Ross

Letter from Edward Hardin, Esquire to Chief John Ross and the Cherokee Delegation in Washington City reporting a temporary injunction against white seizure of Indian lands and probability that it will not be obeyed. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 99

April 7, 1834
John Ross, Folder 100 Certification by Sampson Dick

Certification by Sampson Sick, attested by J. D. Wofford, regarding white seizure of his place. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 100

April 8, 1834
John Ross, Folder 101 Certifications by two Cherokees

Certifications by two Cherokees, attested by E. Jones, regarding the seizure of their places. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 101

April 8, 1834
John Ross, Folder 102 Land Seizure Certifications

Certifications 13-49 by various Cherokees, attested by E. Jones, regarding land seizures. Two sheets of folded paper with handwritten text in ink on eight pages. Folder 102

April 9, 1834
John Ross, Folder 103 Certification by Dianna

Certification by Dianna, attested by E. Jones, regarding white seizure of her place. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 103

April 9, 1834
John Ross, Folder 104 Certifications in Aquohee District

Certifications by three Cherokees and attested by E. Jones, Clerk of Circuit Court in Aquohee District. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 104

April 9, 1834
John Ross, Folder 105 Certification by W. Reid concerning Atawe

Certification by W. Reid, attested by E. Jones, concerning the seizure of Atawe's land. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 105

April 3, 1834
John Ross, Folder 106 Certification by Ayuqui

Certification by Ayuqui, attested by E. Jones, about the claim of fencing part of her land by a white neighbor. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 106

April 10, 1834
John Ross, Folder 107 Letter Signed by George Blair, Situagi, Sweetwater, and Peter to Chief John Ross, Taylor, McCoy, Timson, and Hair Conrad

Letter signed by George Blair, Situagi, Sweetwater, and Peter of Aquohee District to Chief John Ross, Taylor, McCoy, Timson, and Hair Conrad in Washington City as a delegation. Enclosing certifications and commenting on Cherokees "deceived by the mixed blood emigrants" and enrolling for removal. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 107

April 10, 1834
John Ross, Folder 108 Letter decrying the "Good Will" "Species of Title."

Letter similar to 4026.142 decrying the "Good Will" "Species of Title." One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 108

April 11, 1834
John Ross, Folder 109 Draft of Letters from Cherokee Delegation to Seneca Delegation

Draft of letters from Cherokee Delegation to Seneca Delegation. Replying to April 7, 1834 letter. (Moulton). Two folded sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on seven pages.
Folder 109

April 14, 1834
Draft of letters from Cherokee Delegation to Seneca Delegation

Draft of letters from Cherokee Delegation to Seneca Delegation. Replying to April 7, 1834 letter. (Moulton). Photocopies with handwritten text on seven pages. Folder 109

April 14, 1834
Draft of Letters from Cherokee Delegation to Seneca Delegation

Draft copy of letters from Cherokee Delegation to Seneca Delegation. Replying to April 7, 1834 letter. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 109

April 14, 1834
John Ross, Folder 110 Resolution of National Committee and Council

Resolution changing procedure for election of President to election by members of Committee and Council. (OS). One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 110

May 9 & 10, 1834
John Ross, Folder 111 Resolution of National Committee and Council

Resolution changing from 1 to 2 the number of Committeemen and Councilors from each district. (OS). One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 111

May 9 & 10, 1834
John Ross, Folder 113 Resolution of National Committee and Council

Resolution regarding attendance of clerks of committee and council. [OS] and providing fines for those tardy. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 113

May 12, 1834
John Ross, Folder 114 Resolution of National Committee and Council

Resolution fixing salaries of District Judges and Light Horse. (OS). One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 114

May 10, 1834