Finding Aid: John Ross Papers

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: English
Description: 11 feet  
Period covered: 1797 - 1897 
Subject matter: John Ross (1790-1866) chief of the First Indian Republic, was principal chief of the Cherokees during the time of the Removal, establishment of the Cherokee Nation, and until his death. During the Civil War he split with the Cherokees who favored the Southern cause and ruled in exile after 1863 from Philadelphia.
The collection contains correspondence, proclamation as chief of the Cherokee Tribe, legal papers, records, accounts, lists of names, and rations allocated  during removal from Tennessee to Indian Territory, official and other papers of the Cherokee Council, petitions and protests to Congress, and  papers relating to the East and West Cherokee controversy and the Civil War.
Interesting items: A number of papers relate to the various detachments, or groups, of Cherokees being removed from their homes in the East. One such paper is the Muster Roll of Captain John Benge's Detachment of Emigrating Cherokees. Another document records expenditures of one detachment,  the costs for which the U.S.  Government  promised  reimbursement.

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Extent: 11 feet

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
http://gilcrease.utulsa.edu/Visit/During-Your-Visit/Policies/Reproduction-Policy

Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests.

Arrangement Title Description Date
John Ross, Folder 1333B Printed Communication to Congress from Cherokee Delegation

Printed communication to Congress from Cherokee Delegation (L. B. Bell and J. G. Schrimsher). Regarding leasing of Cherokee Outlet exclusion of Shawnees, Delawares, and Negroes from per capita payment. (March, 1884 per Wardell 1938-234). Sheets of paper with typed text in ink. Folder 1333B

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1335 Clipping from New York Herald

Story on "Indian Lands."
Folder 1335

April 6, 1886
John Ross, Folder 1336 Letter from W. A. Phillips, Washington City, to Robert Ross

Letter from W. A. Phillips, Washington City, to Robert Ross. Regarding proceedings of Cherokee Senate used against Nation by House Committee on Territories and criticizing Boudinot, Bell and others. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 1336

March 30, 1887
John Ross, Folder 1337 Resolution Submitted by George Sanders and Twelve Other Members of a Committee of National Party

Resolution submitted by George Sanders and 12 other members of a committee of National Party. Warning against "resistance by force" and advising "Peace and Moderation." One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 1337

December 7, 1887
John Ross, Folder 1337A Fund Balances of the Cherokee Nation

Fund Balances of the Cherokee Nation. Includes cash received for grazing, less expenses. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on the recto and pencil on the verso.
Folder 1337A

September 30, 1887
John Ross, Folder 1338 Typescript of Recollections of Allen Ross (1817-1891)

Typescript of recollections of Allen Ross (1817-1891). Including plan to execute Ridges and Boudinot in 1839. Three sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on the recto and each.
Folder 1338

December 25, 1890
John Ross, Folder 1339 Act of National Council Declaring Mission stations are Cherokee Property

Act of National Council signed by Thomas Pegg, Joshua Ross, White Kitchen, T. B. Wolfe, and J. M. Benje as President of National Committee declaring Mission stations are Cherokee property and are to be listed for sale; printing press and building at Baptist Mission do not belong to Mission Board. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 1339

November 6, 1861
John Ross, Folder 1342 Printed Report to Congress by Attorney General

Printed report to Congress by Attorney General. Regarding "Moneys due the Cherokee Nation under certain treaties and the laws passed to carry the same into effect. Single folded sheet of paper with typed text in ink on four pages, one page also has handwritten text in pencil.
Folder 1342

December 9, 1895
John Ross, Folder 1343 Copy of Letter of Introduction of J. T. Clark

Copy of letter of introduction of J. T. Clark by Robt. B. Ross, Tahlequah to Col. Wm. H. Clayton, Fort Smith. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 1343

April 27, 1895
John Ross, Folder 1345 Newspaper Clipping Titled "John Ross the Cherokee Chief, and His People"

Story from the Congregationalist about John Ross.
Folder 1345

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1346 Letter Signed "C. W. R." and Addressed "Dear Little Girl"

Letter signed "C.W.R." and addressed "Dear Little Girl" on Carter Pendleton Drug Co. Tahlequah letterhead. Said to be to Miss Susie Morris, Fort Gibson. Three sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on the recto of each sheet.
Folder 1346

October 19, 1898
John Ross, Folder 1347 Letter From Basil Stepp, Claremore

Letter from Basil Stepp, Claremore to Dr. S. R. Ross. Regarding appraisal of John Dirickson Place. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto. Folder 1347

December 24, 1898
John Ross, Folder 1349 Letter from J. Frishman, Muskogee

Letter from J. Frishman, Muskogee, to "Friend Chas." Confidential report that "Gill" will be appointed Judge. Three sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on the recto of each sheet.
Folder 1349

March 16, 1899
John Ross, Folder 1350 Letter from R. A. Hosey

Letter from R. A. Hosey to Dr. Chas Ross, Tahlequah. One sheet of paper with letterhead and handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 1350

March 16, 1899
Letter from R. A. Hosey to Dr. Chas Ross

Letter from Hosey to Dr. Chas. Ross. Single sheet of paper with letterhead and handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 1350

March 24, 1899
John Ross, Folder 1351 Letter from J. C. Clingan, Chelsea

Letter from J. C. Clingan, Chelsea, to C. W. Ross. Regarding land sale. Single sheet of lined paper with handwritten text in pencil on recto.
Folder 1351

June 16, 1899
John Ross, Folder 1352 Letter from Robert B. Ross, Tahlequah

Letter from Robert B. Ross, Tahlequah to W. H. Dahrouh, Miami. Regarding latter's appointment, and seeking his endorsement as Clerk of U.S. Court for Northern District of Indian Territory. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 1352

November 20, 1899
John Ross, Folder 1354 Printed Text of Sections 1 to 72 of Act for Allotment

Printed text of Sections 1 to 72 of Act for Allotment of Lands of Cherokee Nation [Sections 73 to 75 missing] Lands of the Five Civilized Tribes [See Mills, 1919 -358-384].
Folder 1354

July 1, 1902
John Ross, Folder 1356 Clipping Referring J. S. Holden Article

Clipping referring (1) J. S. Holden Article on State of Sequoyah, (2) Poem about Sequoyah, (3) portrait of Sequoyah, and (4) statue of Sequoyah. One sheet of paper with typed text ink on recto.
Folder 1356

October 15, 1904
John Ross, Folder 1365 Letter from Cousin Joshua Ross, Muskogee

Letter from Cousin, Joshua Ross, Muskogee, to Robert B. Ross, and envelope. Concerning letter of May 25, 1842 loaned to him for reading. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto. Another sheet of paper folded into an envelope with handwritten text in ink on recto and handwritten text in pencil on verso.
Folder 1365

November 1, 1915
John Ross, Folder 1378A Letter from John M. Ross in Baltimore

Letter from nephew John M. Ross in Baltimore to Ross. John M. Ross died in 1842. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages. Folder 1378A

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1380 List of District Judges

List of District Judges (Starr 192 - 284-286 shows some as early as 1843). One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 1380

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1381 List of Valuation Claims Due Cherokees

List of valuation claims due Cherokees to be investigated by Drew. (John Drew was delegate in 1849.) Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and pencil on verso.
Folder 1381

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1384 Envelope Addressed to Ross c/o Dr. Gilpatrick

Envelope addressed to Ross c/o Dr. Gilpatrick, Fort Scott; note on rear dated Jan. 6, 1863. Envelope with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 1384

1797 - 1897
Envelope Addressed to Ross

Envelope Addressed to Ross, 708 Washington Square, Philadelphia. Envelope with handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 1384

1797 - 1897
Photocopy of Rear of Letter to John M. Ross

Photocopy of rear of letter to John M. Ross, Princeton, NJ. One sheet of paper with photocopy on recto.
Folder 1384

1797 - 1897
Photocopy of Rear of Letter to John M. Ross

Photocopy of rear of letter to John MO. Ross, Lawrenceville, NJ. One sheet of paper with photocopy on recto.
Folder 1384

1797 - 1897
Newspaper Clipping Regarding Ross' Home in Rossville, GA.

Newspaper clipping regarding Ross' home at Rossville, Ga. In this file there is also an unnumbered portion of a piece of paper from the Executive Department of the Cherokee Nation in Tahlequah, IT. One newspaper clipping with typed text, in ink, on both sides; one sheet with an image and typed text, in ink, on one side.
Folder 1384

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1385 Unidentified "Articles" About Authority over Cherokees in U. S.

Unidentified "articles" about authority over Cherokees in U. S. Army claims for damages due to failure of U. S. to protect Cherokees from internal strife and foreign enemies. Liability under Cherokee Law of non-Cherokees in Cherokee Nation. 4026.1982 and 4026.1982.2 are single sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on the rectos. 4026.1982.1 is one sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 1385

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1386 Memorandum from U.S. War Department

Memorandum from U. S. War Dept. Records of Indians in service in Civil War. Two sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on the recto of each sheet.
Folder 1386

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1388 Floor Plan and East Front View of "Academy"

Floor plan and East front view of "Academy." Two sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto of each sheet.
Folder 1388

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1389 List of Claims by Workmen

List of claims by workmen erecting "Council Shed" for National Convention." One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 1389

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1390 Unidentified List of Names and Amounts Paid to Rail makers, Board Makers and Others

Unidentified list of names and amounts paid to railmakers, board makers and others; also a memo about ovens and public cooks. Two sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso of each sheet.
Folder 1390

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1391 List of Names (Some in Cherokee) and Amounts Paid

List of names (some in Cherokee) and amounts paid at least some for public work at Convention Ground. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 1391

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1393 Unidentified and Incomplete Testimony of Unnamed Person about Murder of Terrel

Unidentified and incomplete testimony of unnamed person about murder of Terrel. Ragsdale, Edward Nickel, Downing, Grimmit, and Ross are mentioned. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 1393

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1397 Indian Arrow March 8, 1890

Small unnumbered slip of paper with handwritten title, 'Indian Arrow March 8, 1890.'
Folder 1397

circa 1890
Indian Refugees in Kansas

Indian refugees in Kansas.
Folder 1397

1862
Seven Newspaper Clippings

Seven newspaper clippings. ca 1834 Letter to Gov. Wilson Lumpkin by "one of the Indian Counsel."
Folder 1397

circa 1834
Destitution Among Cherokees

Destitution among Cherokees.
Folder 1397

1883
Red Clay Council

Newspaper clipping referencing the Red Clay Council.
Folder 1397

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1400 Unidentified Sheet, in Three Columns

Unidentified sheet, in three columns. Written in the Cherokee syllabary. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 1400

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1402 Manuscript Entitled: "Nev-Too-We-Gi's Warning"

Manuscript entitled "Nev-Too- we-gi's Warning." Four sheets of paper with handwritten text in pencil.
Folder 1402

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 1404 Doctors Notes on a Mrs. Murrele

Doctor's notes on a Mrs. Murrele. A patient from October 1 to October 6. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 1404

October 1 to October 6
John Ross, Folders 1216 Draft Copy of Letter from Chief John Ross to 'Sister Sarah' (Stapler)

Draft copy of letter from Chief John Ross in Washington City to 'Sister Sarah' (Stapler) referring to removal of General Blunt, suspension of Colonel Phillips, and placement of Indian Territory under Department of Arkansas, General Steel commanding. (Moulton). Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folders 1216

April 30, 1864