Finding Aid: John Ross Papers

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: English
Description: 11 feet  
Period covered: 1797 - 1897 
Subject matter: John Ross (1790-1866) chief of the First Indian Republic, was principal chief of the Cherokees during the time of the Removal, establishment of the Cherokee Nation, and until his death. During the Civil War he split with the Cherokees who favored the Southern cause and ruled in exile after 1863 from Philadelphia.
The collection contains correspondence, proclamation as chief of the Cherokee Tribe, legal papers, records, accounts, lists of names, and rations allocated  during removal from Tennessee to Indian Territory, official and other papers of the Cherokee Council, petitions and protests to Congress, and  papers relating to the East and West Cherokee controversy and the Civil War.
Interesting items: A number of papers relate to the various detachments, or groups, of Cherokees being removed from their homes in the East. One such paper is the Muster Roll of Captain John Benge's Detachment of Emigrating Cherokees. Another document records expenditures of one detachment,  the costs for which the U.S.  Government  promised  reimbursement.

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Extent: 11 feet

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
http://gilcrease.utulsa.edu/Visit/During-Your-Visit/Policies/Reproduction-Policy

Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests.

Arrangement Title Description Date
John Ross, Folder 115 Letter from William Underwood, Esquire to Chief John Ross

Letter from William Underwood, Attorney to Ross in Washington City. Cites "The division of opinion which exists to a small extent among your people" and two cases ready for the Supreme Court. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 115

June 4, 1834
John Ross, Folder 116 Unidentified and Unsigned Note to the General Council

Unidentified and unsigned note to the General Council transmitting copy of Treaty of June 19, 1834 (apparently is Andrew Ross Treaty) (Moulton Vol. I, pp. 299-300) One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 116

circa June 19, 1834
Unidentified, Incomplete List of Five Requests by 'the Delegation' Regarding Organization of Indian Regiments and Home Guard

Unidentified, incomplete list of 5 requests by 'the Delegation' regarding organization of Indian Regiments and Home Guard. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 116

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 117 Draft Copy of Letter from Chief John Ross to William H. Underwood, Esquire

Draft copy of letter from Chief John Ross, Washington City, to William H. Underwood, Esquire. Concerning calls on Judge August Clayton, injunction cases, and rumor that "opposition individuals" have negotiated a Treaty that the Senate will reject. (Moulton) Four sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on the rectos and versos.
Folder 117

June 22, 1834
John Ross, Folder 118 Notice of Election Appointment

Notice of election of Thomas Chisholm to succeed Walter Webber (deceased) as Third Chief and appointment of assistants and clerk. (OS) One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 118

July 6, 1834
Envelope for Notice of Election Appointment

Envelope for 4026.154. Possibly not the original envelope. Envelope with handwritten text in pencil.
Folder 118

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 119 Letter from James W. McClung to Chief John Ross

Letter from James W. McClung to Chief John Ross regarding Cherokee cases being handled by him. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 119

July 19, 1834
John Ross, Folder 120 Letter from Barron and Irwin to Chief John Ross

Letter from Barron and Irwin to Chief John Ross at the Head of the Coosa recommending "to move for an attachment" where clerks and sheriffs have failed to enforce an injunction. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 120

August 1, 1834
John Ross, Folder 121 Letter from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs Thomas L. McKenney to Chief John Ross

Letter from the Commissioner Thomas L. McKenney to Chief John Ross seeking information about "Legus Zab (?) and the Cherokee people"; also expressing sympathy for "the heavy calamity that rests on you all." Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 121

August 4, 1834
John Ross, Folder 122 Draft Copy of Letter from Chief John Ross to William H. Underwood, Esquire

Draft copy of letter from Chief John Ross to William H. Underwood, Esquire affirming "The Cherokee, as a people are united" and asking for a meeting to discuss legal matters. (Moulton) Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages. Folder 122

August 12, 1834
John Ross, Folder 123 Draft Copy of Letter from Chief John Ross to John Ridge

Draft copy of letter from Chief John Ross to John Ridge regarding rumors of plots to assassinate John Ridge and Chief John Ross, including postscript on the role of Thomas Woodward. (Moulton) Two folded sheet of paper. Folded sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on six pages.
Folder 123

September 12 & 15, 1834
John Ross, Folder 124 Draft Copy of Letter from Chief John Ross to William H. Underwood, Esquire

Draft copy of letter from Chief John Ross to William H. Underwood, Esquire reporting vote to place annuity money in the National Treasury and plans to obtain writs of error on three cases. (Moulton) Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 124

October 9, 1834
John Ross, Folder 125 Resolution of National Committee and Council

Resolution altering the pay of committee and council members, clerks, and presidents. The resolution was actually made on May 9, 1834, but was not approved until October 24, 1834. (OS) One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 125

May 9, 1834
John Ross, Folder 126 Certified Copy of Act by Committee and Council for Reimbursement to Marshall Joseph M. Lynch

Copy certified by Chief John Ross of Act by Committee and Council to reimburse Marshall Joseph M. Lynch for $984, awarded by a Georgia Court to Lynch in performance of his duties. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 126

October 25, 1834
John Ross, Folder 127 Resolution of National Committee and Council

Resolution prescribing procedure for distributing annuities received. (OS) Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 127

October 25, 1834
John Ross, Folder 128 Resolution of National Committee and Council

Resolution appropriating $400 for relief of William Rogers for judgment against him. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 128

October 31, 1834
John Ross, Folder 129 Resolution of National Committee and Council

Resolution prohibiting substitutes for absent members of National Council. (OS) Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 129

November 4, 1834
John Ross, Folder 131 Letter from William H. Underwood, Esquire and Edward Harden to Chief John Ross and the Washington City Delegation

Letter from William H. Underwood, Esquire and Edward Hardin to Chief John Ross and the Delegation in Washington City regarding the Trial of Judge Hooper and Indian bill passed by Senate. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 131

December 17, 1834
John Ross, Folder 132 Affidavit Concerning Stolen Horses

Affidavit concerning stolen horses and the expenses relating to their recovery. (OS) One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 132

December 21, 1834
John Ross, Folder 133 Letter from Ed Hardin to Chief John Ross

Letter from Ed Harden to Chief John Ross in Washington City regarding remuneration for legal services. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 133

December 21, 1834
John Ross, Folder 134 Letter from William H. Underwood, Esquire to Chief John Ross

Letter from William H. Underwood, Esquire to Chief John Ross in Washington City reporting passage of the Indian Bill and appointment of William N. Bishop and Charles Nelson to carry out Georgia Law. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 134

January 3, 1835
John Ross, Folder 135 Bond of Chief John Ross and Rich Taylor

Bond of Chief John Ross and Richard Taylor filed in appeal of Joseph Lynch to Supreme Court. One sheet of paper with text both handwritten and typed text is in ink and on recto and verso.
Folder 135

January 5, 1835
John Ross, Folder 136 Letter from S. Rockwell to Chief John Ross

Letter from S. Rockwell to Chief John Ross requesting check and suggesting treaty, if advantageous, after Georgia laws regarding abrogation. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on one page.
Folder 136

February 10, 1835
John Ross, Folder 137 Letter from William Y. Hansell, Esquire to Chief John Ross

Letter from William Y. Hansell, Esquire to Chief John Ross in Washington City regarding his unpaid bill because "National money is out." Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 137

February 12, 1835
John Ross, Folder 138 Printed Text of House Bill 747 for Cherokee Land Patent West of the Mississippi River

Printed Text of House Bill 747 [blanks uncompleted] Authorizing the President to issue to the Cherokee a patent to lands west of the Mississippi, and to purchase their lands in Georgia. Also laying out the terms for emigration. 3726.3a is two sheets of folded paper with typed text in ink on all sides. 3726.3b is the same bill as 3726.3a just smaller sheets of paper. 3726.3b is four sheets of paper with typed text in ink on all pages.
Folder 138

February 19, 1835
Printed Text of House Bill 747 for Cherokee Land patent west of the Mississippi River

Printed Text of House Bill 747 (blanks uncompleted) Authorizing the President to issue to the Cherokee a patent to lands west of the Mississippi, and to purchase their lands in Georgia. Also laying out the terms for emigration. Four sheet of paper with typed text in ink on eight pages.
Folder 138

February 19, 1835
John Ross, Folder 139 Copy of a Letter from Baron Roenne to the Mexican Charge D'Affairs Maria de Castillo Y Lanzas

A copy of a letter of introduction of Chief John Ross by Baron Roenne to Maria de Castillo Y Lanzas, the Mexican Charge D'Affairs. (See Chief John Ross letter to Roenne dated March 5th in Moulton) One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 139

March 6, 1835
John Ross, Folder 139A Claim by William N. Bishop for Land Owned by Chief John Ross

Claim by William N. Bishop, as agent for the State of Georgia, of land in which Chief John Ross was the Indian occupant, and who had forfeited his right of occupancy under the laws of the state; also envelope addressed to Chief John Ross in Washington City. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two sides. Envelope is folded with handwritten text in ink on one side and has wax on it.
Folder 139A

March 17, 1835
Claim by William N. Bishop for Land Owned by Chief John Ross

Claim by William N. Bishop, as agent for the State of Georgia, of land in which Chief John Ross was the Indian occupant, and who had forfeited his right of occupancy under the laws of the state; also envelope addressed to Chief John Ross in Washington City.
Folder 139A

March 17, 1835
John Ross, Folder 140 Letter from Chief John Ross to the Mexican Charge D'Affairs Maria de Castillo Y Lanza

Letter from Chief John Ross to the Mexican Charge D'Affairs Maria de Castillo Y Lanzas regarding possible removal of the Cherokee to Mexico. (Moulton) Three sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on all the rectos and versos.
Folder 140

March 22, 1835
John Ross, Folder 141 Pencil Note Referring to the Treaty Party

Pencil memo written in New York (unaddressed and unsigned and referring to Chief John Ross in the third person) referring to Treaty Ridge Party made (will not be ratified) and explaining possibility of making a treaty with Chief John Ross. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in pencil on four pages.
Folder 141

March 29, 1835
John Ross, Folder 142 Memo of Allowances to be paid to Mr. Schermerhorn

Unaddressed and unsigned memo of allowances to be paid to Mr. Schermerhorn, Commissioner for Treaty, for attendance at council in New Echota. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 142

April 2, 1835
John Ross, Folder 143 Resolution Governing Election of Principal, First, and Second Chiefs. (OS)

Resolution governing election of Principal, First, and Second Chiefs. (OS) One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 143

June 4, 1835
John Ross, Folder 144 Resolution Prescribing Election of 2 Committee Men, 2 Councilors, 2 Judges, and Two Lighthorse by Each of the 4 Districts for Terms of 2 Years

Resolution prescribing election of 2 committee men, 2 councilors, 2 judges, and two lighthorse by each of the 4 districts for terms of 2 years. (OS) One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 144

June 6, 1835
John Ross, Folder 145 Letter from William Y. Hansell to Chief John Ross

Letter from William Y. Hansell, attorney, to Chief John Ross. Reporting that Judge Underwood has received letter from Secretary of War in which he stated he was instructed by the President to say "That the present is the last proposition the Cherokees will receive while he remains in office." Also urging his attendance at July council and conference with Colonel Rockwell and Hansell. Folded sheet of paper with handwritten text on four sides.
Folder 145

June 12, 1835
John Ross, Folder 147 Copy of Letter from B. F. Curry to Lieutenant I. L. Hooper

Copy of letter from B. F. Curry, Cherokee Agent for Immigration, to Lieutenant I. L. Hooper requesting the arrest of James Martin who has threatened the life of John Ridge. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 147

August 5, 1835
John Ross, Folder 148 Copy of Arrest Warrant for James Martin

Copy of the warrant for arrest of James Martin. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 148

August 10, 1835
John Ross, Folder 149 Letter from William Y. Hansell to Chief John Ross

Letter from William Y. Hansell to Chief John Ross. Has information he can only communicate personally and confidentially. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 149

August 11, 1835
John Ross, Folder 159 Spoliation Claim of Rabbit

Spoliation claim of Rabbit, Bryer Town, and witness affidavit sworn before Hiram McCrory, District Clerk. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 159

October 10, 1835
John Ross, Folder 160 Resolution Prohibiting Tavern or Public Table Kept by Non-Citizens or Non-Residents during Council or Any Public Gathering

Resolution prohibiting tavern or public table kept by non-citizens or non-residents during council or any public gathering. (OS) One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 160

October 14, 1835
John Ross, Folder 161A Resolution Appointing Chief John Ross and Others to Negotiate with the United States Government for Final Adjustment of Difficulties of the Cherokee Nation

Resolution offered by the Cherokee Council with signatures of Tribal members. Appoints Chief John Ross and others to negotiate with the United States Government for final adjustment of difficulties of the Cherokee Nation. They also reject selling tribal lands for five million dollars. Nine sheets of paper with handwritten text in ink on the recto of each sheet.
Folder 161A

October 24, 1835
John Ross, Folder 162 Resolution about the Supervision of Public Blacksmiths

Resolution about the supervision of Public Blacksmiths. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 162

October 26, 1835
John Ross, Folder 163 Bond Posted by David Bell and Lepe Mayfield

Bond posted by David Bell and Lepe Mayfield to insure delivery of beef at the next General Council, attested by J. M. Lynch. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 163

October 27, 1835
John Ross, Folder 166 Spoliation Claim of Standing Deer

Spoliation claim of Standing Deer, Long Town, and witness affidavit sworn before Hiram Crory, District Clerk. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso. Folder 166

November 4, 1835
John Ross, Folder 167 Spoliation claim

Spoliation claim from Long Town, and witness affidavit sworn before Hiram McCrory. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso. Folder 167

November 4, 1835
John Ross, Folder 169 Spoliation Claim of Nancy

Spoliation claim of Nancy, Long Town, and witness affidavit sworn before Hiram McCrory, District Clerk. Folder 168. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 169

November 5, 1835
Spoliation Claim of Nancy Katcher

Spoliation claim of Nancy Ketcher, Long Town, and witness affidavit sworn before Hiram McCrory. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 169

November 5, 1835
John Ross, Folder 170 Spoliation Claim of Sally Hawkins

Spoliation claim of Sally Hawkins, Long Town, and witness affidavit sworn before Hiram McCrory. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 170

November 6, 1835
John Ross, Folder 171 Spoliation Claim of Tenia

Spoliation claim of Tenia, Long Town, and witness affidavit sworn before Hiram McCrory. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 171

November 7, 1835
John Ross, Folder 172 Spoliation Claim of Beaver

Spoliation claim of Beaver sworn before Hiram McCrory, acting Clerk of Circuit Court, Aquomee District. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 172

November 8, 1835