Finding Aid: John Ross Papers

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: English
Description: 11 feet  
Period covered: 1797 - 1897 
Subject matter: John Ross (1790-1866) chief of the First Indian Republic, was principal chief of the Cherokees during the time of the Removal, establishment of the Cherokee Nation, and until his death. During the Civil War he split with the Cherokees who favored the Southern cause and ruled in exile after 1863 from Philadelphia.
The collection contains correspondence, proclamation as chief of the Cherokee Tribe, legal papers, records, accounts, lists of names, and rations allocated  during removal from Tennessee to Indian Territory, official and other papers of the Cherokee Council, petitions and protests to Congress, and  papers relating to the East and West Cherokee controversy and the Civil War.
Interesting items: A number of papers relate to the various detachments, or groups, of Cherokees being removed from their homes in the East. One such paper is the Muster Roll of Captain John Benge's Detachment of Emigrating Cherokees. Another document records expenditures of one detachment,  the costs for which the U.S.  Government  promised  reimbursement.

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Extent: 11 feet

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
http://gilcrease.utulsa.edu/Visit/During-Your-Visit/Policies/Reproduction-Policy

Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests.

Arrangement Title Description Date
John Ross, Folder 361 Letter from General Winfield Scott to George Lowry

Letter from General Winfield Scott, Commander of Cherokee Removal, to George Lowry and others granting request that migration to West be delayed beyond September 1, if they give him a written pledge (see June 19, 1838) that they will comply with 3 conditions. Folded sheet with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 361

June 19, 1838
John Ross, Folder 362 Letter from John C. Jacobson to John Ross

Letter from John C. Jacobson to Chief John Ross, Washington. Requesting appointment. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso. Folder 362

June 19, 1838
John Ross, Folder 363 Letter from Lewis Ross to General Winfield Scott

Letter from Lewis Ross to General Winfield Scott. Stating that Moses Daniel, George Still, and David Sanders have been appointed a committee to report "wants of the Cherokees" to him. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 363

June 20, 1838
John Ross, Folder 364 Letter from Chief John Ross to Joel Roberts Poinsett

Letter from Chief John Ross to Joel Roberts Poinsett, Secretary of War, Enclosing statement of arrearages in annuities due and statement of expenses of the delegation; also, posing certain questions. (Moulton) Folded sheet with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 364

June 20, 1838
John Ross, Folder 365 Orders Number 48 of W. J. Watt

Orders Number 48 of W. J. Watt, Chief of Staff, Cherokee Agency, defining limits of Fort Cap Emigrating Depot, outlining duties of ranking officer, Indian Department, and chiefs and head men (delivered to Lewis Ross) Folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 365

June 20, 1838
John Ross, Folder 366 Letter from Nat. Smith to George Lowrey

Letter from Nat Smith, Superintendent Cherokee Emigration, to George Lowry, Lewis Ross, and others reporting progress of party which left Ross' Landing June 17 and seeking to quiet their "apprehensions relating to the health of the party." (See Foreman, Indian Removal 296.301.) Folded sheet with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 366

June 20, 1838
John Ross, Folder 367 Draft copy of letter dated June 20, 1838

Draft copy of letter dated June 20, 1838. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 367

June 20, 1838
John Ross, Folder 368 Letter from 12 Cherokees to George Lowry and John Ross

Letter from 12 Cherokee at Camp Hetzel to Messrs. George Lowry and John Ross. Reporting that removal "will fall into the hands of some unprincipled white men" if Cherokees do not arrange their own removal. Folded sheet with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 368

June 21, 1838
John Ross, Folder 369 Letter from Lewis Ross to General N. Smith

Letter from Lewis Ross and others to General N. Smith. Protesting his rejection of their petition of June 20, 1838, and expressing fears for a party. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 369

June 23, 1838
John Ross, Folder 370 Photocopy of June 23 letter

Photocopy of June 23 letter. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 370

June 23, 1838
John Ross, Folder 371 Letter from Chief John Ross to C. A. Harris

Letter from Chief John Ross, Washington City, to C. A. Harris, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Enclosing affidavit [not found] regarding death of Catharine Stephens (See John Howard Payne. REG. NO. 3826.1981). One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 371

June 27, 1838
John Ross, Folder 372 Printed message from President Martin Van Buren

Printed message from President Martin Van Buren transmitting Major General Jessup's report on Florida operation (See John Howard Payne REG. NO. 3826.1981). Folded sheets of paper with typed text in ink on twelve pages.
Folder 372

July 7, 1838
John Ross, Folder 373 Twelve Day Pass for Jeff Barrow, Cherokee

Twelve day pass, signed by Lieutenant Robert Anderson, Cherokee Agency, permitting Jeff Barrow, Cherokee, to visit Mr. Lowrey's family and Fort Payne. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 373

July 13, 1838
John Ross, Folder 374 Letter from John Mason Jr. to John Ross

Letter from John Mason, Jr. Washington, to John Ross stating he has written General Winfield Scott offering to table his contract to furnish sustenance and transportation to Cherokees. Folded sheet with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 374

July 17, 1838
John Ross, Folder 375 Message from Chief John Ross

Message by Chief John Ross to Cherokees upon return from Washington calling for General Council at which Delegation and people would exchange sentiments (Moulton) Folded sheet with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 375

July 21, 1838
John Ross, Folder 376 Unsigned Copy of Letter from General Winfield Scott

Unsigned copy of letter to General Winfield Scott regarding names of Cherokees held in State Prison of Georgia (Moulton) One sheet with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 376

July 23, 1838
John Ross, Folder 377 Letter from General Winfield Scott to John Ross

Letter from General Winfield Scott to Chief John Ross, E. Hicks, John Brown, E. Gunter, Sittewakee, White Path, and R. Taylor stating conditions under which he would permit the Cherokees to move themselves. Folded sheet with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 377

July 25, 1838
John Ross, Folder 379 Unidentified Memo Relating to Letter of July 25, 1838

Unidentified memo relating to letter of July 25, 1838 (Incomplete) One sheet with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 379

July 27, 1838
John Ross, Folder 380 Copy of Letter Replying to General Winfield Scott's Letter

Copy of letter replying to General Winfield Scott's letter of July 25 (REG. NO. 4026.603) transmitting Resolution of Council (not found) for "Late Delegation" to make plans for entire removal and subsistence of the Cherokees. (Moulton) Folded sheet with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 380

July 27, 1838
John Ross, Folder 381 Copy of Letter 4026.607

Copy of letter of same date. Folded paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 381

July 27, 1838
John Ross, Folder 382 Copy of letter from Chief John Ross to General Scott

Copy of letter 4026.607. Folded sheet with handwritten text in ink on two pages. Folder 382

July 27, 1838
John Ross, Folder 383 Letter from Chief John Ross to General Winfield Scott

Draft copy of letter from Chief John Ross to General Winfield Scott. Regarding complaints concerning persons styling themselves as agents collecting and selling Cherokee property. (Moulton) One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 383

July 28, 1838
John Ross, Folder 384 Letter to General Winfield Scott

Draft copy of letter to General Winfield Scott, unsigned, naming seven runners to bring in Cherokees in mountains and requesting passports for them. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 384

July 31, 1838
John Ross, Folder 385 Resolution

Resolution adopted by Council at Aquokee Camp asserting that the sovereignty of the Cherokee Nation, its constitution, laws and usages shall continue in perpetuity, etc. There are fifteen signers. Folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 385

August 1, 1838
John Ross, Folder 386 Power of Attorney to Chief John Ross

Power of Attorney to John Ross from "Committee" permitting him to request money from the U.S. for funds needed for Cherokee emigration and receipt for same; signed by John Ross, E. Gunter, R. Taylor, Sittewakee, and White Path. Folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 386

August 1, 1838
John Ross, Folder 387 Copy of Letter from Committee to General Winfield Scott

Copy of letter from Committee to General Winfield Scott. Regarding his reply of August 1 to their estimate of expenses per detachment of July 31, signed by Chief John Ross, Gunter, Taylor, Sittewakee, White Path, E., Hicks, and J. Brown. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso. (Moulton Vol. 1.653.634).
Folder 387

August 2, 1838
John Ross, Folder 388 Copy of REG. NO. 4026.615

Copy of letter from Committee to General Winfield Scott. Folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 388

August 2, 1838
John Ross, Folder 388A Letter from General Winfield Scott to Committee

Letter from Scott to Committee (Cherokee Agents for emigration) fixing $15,880 as the estimated cost for emigration of 1000 Cherokees. Folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 388A

August 2, 1838
John Ross, Folder 389 Copy of letter enclosing Power of Attorney

Copy of letter (amount blank, but signed by Ross) enclosing Power of Attorney dated August 1, and requisitioning funds for removal. (Moulton) Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 389

August 4, 1838
John Ross, Folder 391 William Wirt's Letter of Introduction and Recommendation of Mr. Putnam to Chief John Ross

William Wirt's letter of introduction and recommendation of Mr. Putnam to Chief John Ross. Folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages. Folder 391

August 6, 1838
John Ross, Folder 392 Letter from Chief John Ross to Unnamed Physician

Draft copy of letter from Chief John Ross, Cherokee Agency, to unnamed Physician. Regarding possible employment to serve emigrants. (Moulton) Folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 392

August 7, 1838
John Ross, Folder 393 Copy of Letter from Chief John Ross to General Winfield Scott

Copy of letter from Chief John Ross to General Winfield Scott. Regarding payment of individual Cherokee claims before removal. (Moulton) Folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 393

August 9, 1838
John Ross, Folder 394 Articles of Agreement between Committee and Lewis Ross

Articles of Agreement between Committee and Lewis Ross for rations forage, and fodder (Moulton) Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 394

August 10, 1838
John Ross, Folder 395 Letter from Chief John Ross to General Winfield Scott

Draft copy of letter from Chief John Ross to General Winfield Scott. Regarding Spoliation claims to be settled. (Moulton) Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 395

August 15, 1838
Letter from H. Howard Sutton to Chief John Ross and George Lowrey

Letter from H. Howard Sutton to Chief John Ross and George Lowrey. Seeking appointment as wagon master of Moses Daniel Detachment. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 395

August 15, 1838
John Ross, Folder 397 Claim of Richard Wilkeson

Claim of Richard Wilkeson, Chickamauga District, signed by Jesse Bushyhead, Agent for collecting claims. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 397

August 16, 1838
John Ross, Folder 398 Claim of Polly Ratlingord

Claim of Polly Ratlingord, Chickamauga District, signed by Jesse Bushyhead. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 398

August 17, 1838
John Ross, Folder 399 Note from General Winfield Scott to Chief John Ross

Note from General Winfield Scott to Chief John Ross. Regarding newspaper article by General Smith (Moulton Volume II.664) One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto.
Folder 399

1797 - 1897
John Ross, Folder 401 Spoliation Claim of Too-Nie-Y-E

Spoliation claim--Too-Nie-Y-E of Long Savannall, signed by James Foreman, agent for collecting claims and referred to General Winfield Scott by Richard Taylor, President of Cherokee Committee. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 401

August 22, 1838
John Ross, Folder 402 Letter from Chief John Ross to Captain John Page

Draft copy of letter from Chief John Ross to Captain John Page, Disbursing Agent for Cherokee Emigration. Seeking rations for family. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 402

August 24, 1838
John Ross, Folder 403 Spoliation Claim of James Crittenden

Spoliation claim--James Crittenden, Hightower, GA, signed by Stephen Foreman, Agent for Collecting Claims. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 403

August 24, 1838
John Ross, Folder 404 Letter from H.B. Shane (for General Winfield Scott) to Chief John Ross

Letter from H.B. Shane (for General Winfield Scott) to Chief John Ross. Regarding valuation of improvements. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 404

August 24, 1838
John Ross, Folder 406 Letter from General Winfield Scott to Chief John Ross

Letter from General Winfield Scott to Chief John Ross Committee in reply to their letter. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages. Folder 406

August 25, 1838
John Ross, Folder 407 Letter from Chief John Ross to General Winfield Scott

Letter from Chief John Ross committee to General Winfield Scott protesting allegation (In Scott's letter of August 22) (Moulton) that Lewis Ross will profit more than $180,000 on his contract. (Moulton) Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four pages.
Folder 407

August 25, 1838
John Ross, Folder 408 Claim of A-Ceh-Shoc of Shooting Creek

Claim of A-Ceh-Shoc of Shooting Creek, signed by J.D. Wofford, Agent for Collecting Claims. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 408

August 28, 1838
John Ross, Folder 410 Letter from John Mason Jr. to John Ross

Letter from John Mason, Jr. to Chief John Ross. Proposing that he and Cherokee friends buy goods in East to save profit taken by Western Merchants. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on four sides.
Folder 410

August 29, 1838
John Ross, Folder 411 Spoliation Claim - Tanage of Tuskquitta

Spoliation Claim - Tanage of Tusquitta; signed by J.D. Wofford, Agent for Collection Claims. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 411

August 30, 1838
John Ross, Folder 412 Letter from Chief John Ross to General Winfield Scott

Letter from Chief John Ross to General Winfield Scott (unsigned). Concerning difficulties on improvement and Spoliation claims. (Moulton) Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on two pages.
Folder 412

August 30, 1838
John Ross, Folder 413 Improvement Claim - Tracking Wolf, Cowsaqua River

Improvement claim - Tracking Wolf, Cowsaqua River, signed by James M. Kanny, Agent for Collecting Claims and Richard Taylor for Committee. Single folded sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on three pages.
Folder 413

August 30, 1838
John Ross, Folder 414 Improvement claim - John Warner, Taquoah District

Improvement Claim - John Warner, Taquoah District; signed by James M. Kanny. One sheet of paper with handwritten text in ink on recto and verso.
Folder 414

August 31, 1838