Manuscript Collection: Samuel Austin Worcester

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: English
Description: 62 items
Period covered: circa 1831 - 1961
Collection summary derived from "Guidebook to Manuscripts", 1969: Samuel Austin Worcester (1798-1859) was a missionary to the Cherokees in Georgia and in Indian Territory. His great contribution was his translation of various works into Cherokee, securing the type of the Sequoyah Syllabary, and the many publications from his press for the Cherokees, Choctaws, and Creeks.
In this collection, there is only one original item: the agreement of the "Old Settlers" Council to allow him, with certain stipulations, to set up his press at the Forks of the Illinois. Instead Worcester located the press at Union Mission where there was a building available. After a little more than a year's time, it was moved to Park Hill.
The remainder of the collection, dated from 1831 to 1868, consists of typescripts and photostats of letters from his wife, Ann; his daughter, Ann Eliza Robertson; and from D. D. Hitchcock, doctor in the Union Army who married his daughter Sarah and, after her death, her sister Hannah. There is also some correspondence about the location of the press, and a diary of Worcester’s kept in 1831 from January to July.
In the Ross papers (39-7) there is an original letter (1839) from Worcester to James Orr, the missionary at Dwight Mission.
Important item: A photostat of the order to Worcester on February 15, 1834, to vacate his house in New Echota to Colonel William Handen and to leave the state. The order is signed by William S. Springer (?), Agent of the Cherokees in Georgia. The original of the order is in the possession of a great grandson, H. W. Hicks of Tulsa.

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
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Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests.

Arrangement Title Description Date
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 1 Handwritten text of a sermon delivered at New Echota and Park Hill

Handwritten text of a sermon delivered at New Echota and Park Hill on December 13, 1829 and February 26, 1837, respectively. Sermon notes are also included. Folder 1

December 13, 1829
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 2 Diary of Reverend S. A. Worcester, including letter to Mr. Boudinot

Folder 2

January - July 1831
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 3 Letter from Ann O. Worcester, New Echota, to Reverend Thomas Savage

Letter from Ann O. Worcester commenting on husband's release, reprinted in Muskogee Daily Phoenix.
Folder 3

February 2, 1833
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 4 Letter from Ann Orr Worcester in New Echota to Reverend Thomas Savage

Letter from Ann Orr Worcester pertaining to "cask of clothing".
Folder 4

February 2, 1833
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 5 1831 booklet titled "The Imprisoned Missionaries"

Folder 5

1831
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 6 "Georgia and the Supreme Court, Opinion on opinion of Justice Marshall"

Folder 6

1832
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 7 Letter from S.A. Worcester to sister and a note from "A.W."

"A.W." is Ann Eliza Worcester Robertson.
Folder 7

February 1, 1833
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 8 Notice from William G. Springer, Agent for the Cherokees in Georgia, to Worcester

Note informs Worcester his house and land must be vacated by February 28 as it is to be taken by Colonel William Honden.
Folder 8

February 15, 1834
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 9 Resolution of General Council of Cherokees granting S.A. Worcester permission to erect printing press

Erection of printing press establisment near the fork of the Illinois River was not accomplished, work was done at Union Mission and Park Hill instead. Source: T.L. Ballenger.
Folder 9

October 29, 1835
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 10 Letter from S.A. Worcester, in Kowetah Mission, to "Rev. and Dear Sir"

Worcester discusses application to establish press at fork of Illinois and includes text of communication at Cherokee Council.
Folder 10

October 31, 1835
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 11 Letter from S. A. Worcester, in Park Hill, to James Orr denying he advised Elias Boudinot to head a party to sign a treaty

Letter from S.A. Worcester is followed by concurrence of Elias Boudinot dated Feburary 11.
Folder 11

February 8, 1839
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 12 Report listing missionaries, books, and pamphlets printed in multiple Native languages

Report listing missionaries, books, and pamphlets printed in Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw and Wea languages at Park Hill, pages 349 - 350.
Folder 12

July 3, 1843
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 13 Letter from John Ross to W. Charles Goodey, President National Committee, concerning Worcester’s' printing establishment

Folder 13

November 16, 1843
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 15 Bill of sale issued by Lydia Hoyt to Abija Hicks for "Servant" Sophia, witnessed by Worcester

Bill of sale does not include her children, if any, after sale.
Folder 15

May 10, 1853
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 16 “Song of the Cherokee Cold Water Army of the Olden Time”

Folder 16

1856
Essay on the Temperance Society started by Worcester

Folder 16

19th century
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 17 Letter from Worcester to his son, John Orr Worcester, discussing school and confession of faith

Folder 17

January 24, 1855
Letter from Samuel A. Worcester to John Orr Worcester who was away at school

Folder 17

March 12, 1858
Letter from Samuel A. Worcester to John Orr Worcester about school

Folder 17

January 29, 1858
Letter from Mother to John Orr Worcester

Folder 17

1858
“The Good Man's Ambition”

Folder 17

May 13, 1859
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 18 Excerpts of letter from Ermina Nash Worcester to John Orr Worcester concerning his father's will

Ermina Nash Worcester was the second wife of Samuel Worcester.
Folder 18

October 4, 1859
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 19 Letter from Leonard Worcester to Augusta Robertson Moore regarding Cherokee Bible

Folder 19

January 14, 1933
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 19a Letter from Eric M. North, American Bible Society, to Augusta Moore

Folder 19a

July 24,1933
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 20 Tulsa Daily World articles titled "Printing Industry 100 Years Old" and "Worcester's Grandson Operates a Bookshop"

Folder 20

October 6, 1935
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 21 Special newspaper on 100th anniversary of printing in Oklahoma

Folder 21

October 6, 1935
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 22 Article "First Print Shop is Memorialized" from Tulsa Daily World

Article "First Print Shop is Memorialized" from Tulsa Daily World containing reproduction of portions of October 31, 1835 letter from Union Mission by S. A. Worcester.
Folder 22

October 11, 1935
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 23 Boston Recorder containing published biography of Samuel Worcester

Folder 23

October 20, 1821
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 24 Portion of newspaper article on dedication of site of Union Mission

Folder 24

October 12, 1935
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 25 Article "Indian Territory First Printing Press 1835-1861"

Black Fox was the pen name of Herbert Hicks.
Folder 25

1937
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 26 Park Hill Mission history of a bell cast in 1847, recast in 1889

Folder 26

1889
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 27 Bill of sale from Elizabeth Medley to Abijah Hicks of house in Illinois Prairie

Folder 27

January 28, 1847
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 28 Appointment of Abijah Hicks as Administrator of Estate of J. S. Boyington

Appointment of Abijah Hicks as Administrator of Estate of J. S. Boyington by David Hildebrand, Judge, Tahlequah District, Cherokee Nation.
Folder 28

December 15, 1857
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 29 Bill of sale from Agent C. C. Torrey, Park Hill, to Abijah Hicks for buildings owned by American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions

Park Hill buildings sold by American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions consist of the Dwelling House, Printing Office, and School House.
Folder 29

February 18, 1861
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 30 Diary of Hannah Hitchock including notes for sister, Ann Eliza

Folder 30

August 17, 1862 - February 20, 1863
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 31 Letter from Hannah Worcester Hicks of Ft. Gibson, to Ann Eliza Worcester Robertson regarding family and war

Folder 31

March 29, 1864
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 32 Letter from A.E.W. Robertson to Hannah at Ft. Gibson

Folder 32

November 2, 1864
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 33 Letter from A.E.W. Robertson to Sarah Worcester regarding domestic trials

Folder 33

circa 1846
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 34 Letter from Miss Thompson

Letter from Miss Thompson refers to Ann Eliza Worcester and Sarah (Sally) Worcester.
Folder 34

March 2, 1847
Letter from Miss Thompson to Ann Eliza Worcester

Folder 34

September 14, 1859
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 35 Letter from Mr. and Mrs. Wm. S. Robertson to D. D. Hitchcock at Fort Blunt, C.N

The letter from Mr. and Mrs. William S. Robertson pertaining to guerilla warfare and flight of families to Iola, Kansas.
Folder 35

November 25, 1863
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 36 Letter from Mrs. A.E.W. Robertson, Tullahassee, to D.D. Hitchcock of Park Hill

The letter from Mrs. A.E.W. Robertson mentions a disagreement with Reverend Robert Loughridge over secession issue.
Folder 36

June 2, 1861
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 38 Account certification by Dr. D. D. Hitchcock to U.S. Army

Account certification by Dr. D. D. Hitchcock to U.S. Army for services from January 1 to February 28, 1863.
Folder 38

May 1, 1865
Reply from W. Phillips to D. D. Hitchcock concerning account certification with U.S. Army

Reply from W. Phillips to D. D. Hitchcock concerning account certification with U.S. Army for services from January 1 to February 28, 1863.
Folder 38

May 1, 1865
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 40 1867 Diary of Dwight Hitchcock of Cherokee Nation, I.T.

The diary also includes entries in shorthand for certain accounts.
Folder 40

1867
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 41 Letter from A.E.W. Robertson at Park Hill to parents with postscript

Folder 41

August 9, 1852
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 42 Letter from Nancy Thompson to Mr. & Mrs. Wm. S. Robertson

Folder 42

July 12, 1862
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 44 Letter from J.W. Trumbull to Major Powell concerning General Pike's vocabulary

Letter from J. W. Trumbull also refers to "Mrs.Robertson".
Folder 44

May 7, 1881
Letter from editor to A.E.W. Robertson concerning the naming of Park Hill

Folder 44

November 6, 1890
Samuel Austin Worcester, Folder 45 "Translating into the Muskogee or Creek" in Oklahoma School Herald, April 1893

Folder 45

April - March 15, 1893