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Manuscript Collection: William A. Bowles

Collection Overview

Collection summary derived from "Guidebook to Manuscripts", 1969: A holograph document by William A. Bowles (1763-1805), this is a proclamation dated October 31, 1799, expelling all Spaniards and Americans from the independent "State of Muskogee" issued from Wakina, Florida. Bowles was the leader of three "filibustering expeditions" against the Spaniards in Florida. He was an adventurer who lived among the Creeks and sought to establish the independent State of Muskogee.

Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
October 31, 1799
CSV file

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Access Restrictions

Available by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR) with the exception of materials with donor restrictions. Contact Library staff in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests.

Use Restrictions

Please contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.


The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s.