Finding Aid: Oklahoma Native American Photographs Collection

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: Primarily English with occasional names in their native language.
Description: 1,627 items
Period covered: 1850s - 1950s
Subject matter: There are 1,627 Oklahoma affiliated Native American Photographs in the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive. The photographs have been acquired continuously since the museum’s opening in 1949 and have developed into a significant independent collection over the years. These unique photographs provide a glimpse into tribal life and customs after removal into Indian Territory, now Oklahoma, and visually illustrate the process of adaptation to European customs juxtaposed with attempts to retain unique cultural identities. Prominent individuals with ties to Oklahoma history featured in this collection include Cherokee Chief John Ross (and family), Principal Chief during the Removal Period and after (1820 – 1866); Choctaw Chief Peter Pitchlynn (and family), Choctaw political leader from 1830 through election as Principal Chief (1864 – 1866) and after; and the important Creek Artist Acee Blue Eagle, to name a few. See all of the Oklahoma Native American photographs. 

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Extent: 12 Linear feet

Processing Information Note: Over time the sub-collection of Oklahoma Native American Photographs has grown in importance and was organized by staff according to tribal affiliation. Cataloguing and creation of the finding aid of the Gilcrease Museum's collection of Oklahoma Native American photographs were made possible by the Oklahoma Historical Records Advisory Board, funded by the National Historical Publications & Records Commission, a statutory body affiliated with the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). The grant funded project was completed in 2017 in order to improve the visibility, accessibility, growth and conservation of the collection.

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
http://gilcrease.utulsa.edu/Visit/During-Your-Visit/Policies/Reproduction-Policy

Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests. 

Arrangement Title Description Date
Cherokee, Folder 9 Woman and Spinning Wheel

Black and white photograph of an older woman seated under porch. Holding large clay pitcher in lap. Smaller jar on top of crate to right; large pot situated on floor in front of crate. Woman wearing cardigan and cotton dress. Foreman Collection.
A negative of this photograph exists in the Gilcrease Archive Collection.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Woman and Spinning Wheel

Black and white photograph of an older woman seated under porch. Holding up wreaths for display. Wearing bandana, cardigan, and cotton dress. Foreman Collection.
A negative of this photograph exists in the Gilcrease Archive Collection.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Woman and Spinning Wheel

Black and white photograph of an older woman and spinning wheel. Spinning wheel in foreground, woman in middleground, building in background. Displays entire spinning wheel. Woman pointing to wheel, wearing cardigan and cotton dress. Foreman Collection.
A negative of this photograph exists in the Gilcrease Archive Collection.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Unidentified man in front of Cabin

Black and white photograph of an unidentifed man in front of house. Man wearing Anglo-style business suit holding hat in left hand. Cabin with porch in background. Foreman Collection.
Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Perl Mathison and Home

Black and white photograph of Perl Mathison and home. Woman standing over well with bucket. Cabin with porch and chimney in background. Foreman Collection.
Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Outdoor Bar-B-Q

Black and white photograph of an outdoor Bar-B-Q. Crowd in background , some crouched to trench that extends to foreground. Ties laid across trench. Foreman Collection.
Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Traffic Jam

Black and white photograph of a traffic jam on a dirt road. Four automobiles situated on road, car in foreground has driver sitting in it. Foreman Collection.
Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Couple in front of Cabin

Black and white photograph of a couple in front of a cabin. Woman is wearing cotton dress, holding hat in hand. Man is wearing business suit and also holding hat. Cabin with porch and chimney in background. Foreman Collection.
Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Possibly Sequoyah house, Two Girls on Porch

Black and white photograph possibly of Sequoyah house. Two girls seated on porch of cabin with large porch. Foreman Collection.
Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Child on Porch

Black and white photograph of a child sitting on a cabin porch. Sidewalk extending from porch into foreground. Foreman Collection.
Folder 9

1850 - 1900
One of Pryor's Fair Cherokees

Black and white photograph of automobile with drive under portico.
Foreman Collection.
Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Mrs. Pigeon, negatives

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Mrs. Pigeon, negatives

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Mrs. Pigeon, negatives

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Mrs. Pigeon, negatives

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Mrs. Pigeon, negatives

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Mrs. Pigeon, negatives

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 10 Cherokee Payment, Fort Gibson, Indian Territory

Sepia-colored photograph of a Cherokee village. Wooden pavillion at left of photo. Other structures are tents. Trees and a building in background.
Folder 10

July 1894
Cherokee, Folder 11 Cherokee Payment, Fort Gibson, Indian Territory

Sepia-colored photograph of road at Fort Gibson, Indian territory. Several tents dispersed throughout road with buildings along right side and center middleground. Crowd and buildings behind tents in background. Wagon with figures holding umbrellas.
Folder 11

July 1894
Cherokee Payment, Fort Gibson, Indian Territory

Sepia-colored photograph of men, horses, and a few wagons in front of a large building. Several tents in middleground in front of building.
Folder 11

July 1894
Cherokee, Folder 12 Walt Christie Home, near Bidding Springs, Oklahoma

Black and white photograph of the corner of the Walt Christie home. Corner on right, man with hat in background at left. Row of trees behind man.
Foreman Collection.
Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Walt Christie Home, near Bidding Springs, Oklahoma

Black and white photograph of the Walt Christie home, near Bidding Springs, OK. Shows corner of house on right with fence post to left. Barn in background on left.
Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Walt Christie Home, near Bidding Springs, Oklahoma

Black and white photograph of the Walt Christie Home. Shows side of house with window - photo take from behind house.
Foreman Collection.
Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Walt Christie Home, near Bidding Springs, Oklahoma

Black and white photograph of Walt Christie home. Shows corner of house with bushes at bottom and wood boards along top.
Foreman Collection.
Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Walt Christie Home, near Bidding Springs, Oklahoma

Black and white photograph of Walt Christie home. Shows barns with single window and wooden fence attached at right.
Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Arch Christie Home, near July Springs

Black and white photograph of Arch Christie home, near July Springs. Shows porch, doors, windows, roof, and part of chimney. Woman standing in doorway at far left under porch. Foreman Collection.
Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Walt Christie Home, near Bidding Springs, Oklahoma

Black and white photograph of Walt Christie home. Shows stacked chimney, roof, and top of wood-board house. Foreman Collection.
Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 13 Cecil Dick, Cherokee Artist

Black and white photograph of Cecil Dick, Cherokee artist. Man seated at easel painting a picture of a Native American man seated wearing traditional clothing. Watercolor set and water on stand.
Folder 13

1942
Cherokee, Folder 14 Louis Downing, Cherokee Chief

Sepia-colored portrait photograph of Louis Downing, Cherokee chief. Man seated in studio setting wear Anglo-style suit with jacket, button-down shirt, vest, and neckerchief. Man identified on reverse.
Folder 14

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 15 Louis Gritts, Tahlequah, Oklahoma

Black and white portrait photograph of Louis Gritts. Seated in studio setting wearing Anglo-style suit with jacket, bowtie, and button-down shirt. Hands folded in lap.
Folder 15

1906
Cherokee, Folder 16 Lt. Harris's Camp with Cherokee at Caldron Creek, Arkansas

Black and white photograph of site of Lt. Harri's camp with Cherokee at Cadron Creek, Arkansas. Photo of grass with a few trees, and hill in background.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 16

1850 - 1900
Lt. Harris's Camp with Cherokee at Caldron Creek, Arkansas

Black and white photograph of mouth of Cadron Creek, Arkansas. Shows river and enbankment.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 16

1850 - 1900
Lt. Harris's Camp with Cherokee at Caldron Creek, Arkansas

Black and white photograph of the Arkansas River at mouth of Cadron Creek. Shows river from atop a hill with trees in foreground and opposite bank in background.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 16

1850 - 1900
Lt. Harris's Camp with Cherokee at Caldron Creek, Arkansas

Black and white photograph of a path in woods.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 16

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 17 J.W. Jordan, et al. at Barker Outlaw Cave

Sepia-colored photograph of Rev. A.C. Kronk (left), J.W. "Cherokee" Jordan (middle), and an unidentified man (right) in front of entrance to cave. Vegetation in foreground, trees fallen at left, large tree at center in middle ground.
Folder 17

1850 - 1900
J.W. Jordan, blockhouse

Black and white photograph of J.W. "Cherokee" Jordan and unidentified man on roof. Gates and fence in foreground with pole blockhouse on Jordan property near Cimarron River. Two men stand on roof, unidentified on left, "Cherokee" Jordan on right.
Folder 17

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 18 Kee-too-wah Ceremony, Gore, Oklahoma

Black and white photograph of Kee-too-wah ceremony. Same instance as 4327.3748 & 4327.3749. Taken from opposite side of plateau (as shown in mentioned photos). Four logs and fire on plateau with men huddled on opposite side as photographer.
Folder 18

1931
Kee-too-wah Ceremony, Gore, Oklahoma

Black and white photograph of Kee-too-wah ceremonies. Men, women, and children crowded in semi-circle around dusty plateau. Man in overalls stands on hill with four logs. Two native men in Anglo dress stand just below plateau.
Folder 18

1931
Kee-too-wah Ceremony, Gore, Oklahoma

Black and white photograph of Kee-too-wah ceremonies. Men, women, and children crowded in semi-circle around dusty plateau. Man in overalls stands on hill with four logs. Two native men in Anglo dress stand just below plateau.
Folder 18

1931
Kee-too-wah Ceremony, Gore, Oklahoma

Black and white photograph of Kee-too-wah ceremonies. Men, women, and children crowded in semi-circle around dusty plateau. Man in overalls stands on hill with four logs. Two native men in Anglo dress stand just below plateau.
Folder 18

1931
Cherokee, Folder 19 Joel B. Mayes, Cherokee Chief

Sepia-colored photograph of Joel B. Mayes, Cherokee chief. Seated in studio setting facing one-quarter towards proper left wearing business suit.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 19

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 20 Mrs. Rebecca Neugin, Hulbert, Oklahoma

Black and white photograph of Rebecca Neugin. Woman is seated outdoors wearing a bandana, cotton blouse and skirt with hands folded in lap.
Folder 20

1850 - 1900
Rebecca Neugin and Family

Black and white photograph of Rebecca Neugin and family. Two rows of figures. Back row, left to right. Young man wearing overalls; young woman wearing overalls; man wearing button-down shirt and tie; young boy wearing overalls.
Folder 20

1933
Cherokee, Folder 21 Man-killer, 'Outacite,' early chief of the Cherokees

Black and white photocopy of book-printed picture of Outacity, or Man-Killer. Photo in book is aftr original painting by Sir Joshua Reynolds. Painting is bust portrait of Cherokee man wearing traditional regalia. Photograph title copied from Samuel Drake's Biography and History of the Indians of North America.
Folder 21

1834
Cherokee, Folder 22 Home of the Col. Phillips during Civil War

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 22

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 23 Guarding the Cherokee Millions

Black and white photograph of Native Americans guarding the Cherokee millions. Stairs leading up to porch attached to large building. Several men lined up along porch rail all wearing hats, some holding rifles.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 23

1894
The Pay Room

Black and white pictograph of the pay room at Fort Gibson. Men standing in room with row on windows on either side of room. Wearing slack, white shirt, and vest, some in hat. In center behind fence are men seated at at table with stacks of cash.
Folder 23

1850 - 1900
Signatures, Sequoyah's Treaty

Black and white photograph of the signatures from Sequoyah's treaty of 1828. Left-hand column are signatures for witnesses. Right-hand column are chiefs of the delegation.
Folder 23

1828
Track Rock Carvings, Track Rock, Georgia

This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 23

1890
Cherokee Indian Memorial, Calhoun, Georgia

Color postcard picture of Cherokee Indian Memorial Monument in Calhoun, GA. Shows momument with fence around base and trees in background.
Folder 23

September 1931