Finding Aid: Oklahoma Native American Photographs Collection

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: Primarily English with occasional names in their native language.
Description: 1,627 items
Period covered: 1850s - 1950s
Subject matter: There are 1,627 Oklahoma affiliated Native American Photographs in the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive. The photographs have been acquired continuously since the museum’s opening in 1949 and have developed into a significant independent collection over the years. These unique photographs provide a glimpse into tribal life and customs after removal into Indian Territory, now Oklahoma, and visually illustrate the process of adaptation to European customs juxtaposed with attempts to retain unique cultural identities. Prominent individuals with ties to Oklahoma history featured in this collection include Cherokee Chief John Ross (and family), Principal Chief during the Removal Period and after (1820 – 1866); Choctaw Chief Peter Pitchlynn (and family), Choctaw political leader from 1830 through election as Principal Chief (1864 – 1866) and after; and the important Creek Artist Acee Blue Eagle, to name a few. See all of the Oklahoma Native American photographs. 

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Extent: 12 Linear feet

Processing Information Note: Over time the sub-collection of Oklahoma Native American Photographs has grown in importance and was organized by staff according to tribal affiliation. Cataloguing and creation of the finding aid of the Gilcrease Museum's collection of Oklahoma Native American photographs were made possible by the Oklahoma Historical Records Advisory Board, funded by the National Historical Publications & Records Commission, a statutory body affiliated with the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). The grant funded project was completed in 2017 in order to improve the visibility, accessibility, growth and conservation of the collection.

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
http://gilcrease.utulsa.edu/Visit/During-Your-Visit/Policies/Reproduction-Policy

Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests. 

Arrangement Title Description Date
Cherokee, Folder 26 Chief John Ross

4 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 26

1863
Chief John Ross

4 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 26

1820s - 1860s
Cherokee, Folder 27 The home of John Ross near Ross's Landing, now Chattanooga, Tennessee

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 27

1850 - 1900
Former home of John Ross, near Ringgold, Georgia

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 27

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 28 Rose Cottage, Park Hill

4 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 28

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 29 Ross Family Cemetery, Park Hill, Oklahoma

Sepia-colored photograph of the Ross Family Cemetary, Park Hill, OK. Shows monuments at left and right with large fence in background.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 29

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 30 Robert Ross at New Echota, Georgia, standing next the the grave of Harriet Ruggles Boudinot

Photograph of Robert Ross at New Echota, GA standing next to the grave of Harriet Ruggles Boudinot. Grave reads, "To the memory of Harriet Ruggles wife of Mr Elian Boudinot. She was the daughter of Col. Benj. & Eleanor Gold of Cornwall County.
Folder 30

1930
Cherokee, Folder 31 William P. Ross, Cherokee Chief

Sepia-colored portrait photograph of William P. Ross, Cherokee Chief. Seated wearing woolen suit, full beard, white hair.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 31

1850 - 1900
William P. Ross home at Fort Gibson

3 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 31

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 32 Ross House

Black and white photograph of "Ross House" (probably not John Ross). Crowd of men, including a wagon and a couple horses, in front of building with sign "Ross House". Three men standing on second-floor balcony. Photo framed by cardstock.
Folder 32

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 33 John Mitchell, Matt Sanders, Samuel Sanders, and John C. Sanders

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 33

1923
Cherokee, Folder 34 Solicitor General of Cherokee Nation, & Chief Justice of the Cherokee Supreme Court

Black and white portrait photograph of J.A. Scales. Man is seated in studio setting wearing suit, full goatee.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 34

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 35 Inventor of the Cherokee Alphabet

Black and white pictograph of painting of Sequoyah by B. King. Man wearing turban, peace medal around neck, and calico shirt with small pipe in mouth. Holding tablet of Cherokee alphabet and pointing to letter on tablet.
Folder 35

1850 - 1900
Sequoyah

Black and white pictograph of painting of Sequoyah by J.F. Standiford. Man wearing turban, peace medal around neck, and calico shirt with small pipe in mouth. Holding tablet of Cherokee alphabet and pointing to letter on tablet.
Folder 35

1850 - 1900
Se-Quo-Yah

Black and white pictograph of painting of Sequoyah by B. King. Man wearing turban, peace medal around neck, and calico shirt with small pipe in mouth. Holding tablet of Cherokee alphabet and pointing to letter on tablet. Same as 4326.3278.
Folder 35

1850 - 1900
Sequoyah Statue

Black and white photograph postcard of Sequoyah statue at the Confederate and World War Memorial in Calhoun, Georgie. Arched gate with statue on either side. Monument in background in the middle of the arched gate.
Folder 35

1850 - 1900
Sequoyah Shuni, Oklahoma

Black and white photo of painting, Sequoyah Shuni, OK. Woman seated wearing formal attire.
Folder 35

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 36 Sequoyah's home in the Cherokee Hills

3 copies of the photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoya's cabin

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoya's cabin

Black and white photograph of Sequoyah's log cabin.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Childer's Stage Stand, Sallisaw

Black and white photograph of Sequoyah's house.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 36

1938
Sequoya's cabin

Black and white photograph of Sequoyah's lob cabin.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoya's cabin

Black and white photographic postcard of Sequoyah's log cabin.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoya's cabin

Black and white photograph of Sequoyah's log cabin. Same as 4327.6296a.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoya's cabin

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Laying corner stone at Sequoyah

Black and white photograph of four men who helped in laying of corner stone of Sequoyah's house. Three men identified: Joe Chita, Marble City; Cicero Steel, Marble City; Thomas Bearner, Willard.
This photograph comes from the Grant Foreman Collection at the Gilcrease Museum.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin

Black and white photograph of the structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin. Note in envelope reads, "House erected by Oklahoma Historical Society to enclose and preserve the log cabin home of Sequoyah.
Folder 36

1936
Structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin

Black and white photograph of Sequoyah monument built near Sequoyah house, which is in background at left.
Folder 36

1936
Structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin

Black and white photograph of the structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin. Note in envelope reads, "House erected by Oklahoma Historical Society to enclose and preserve the log cabin home of Sequoyah.
Folder 36

1936
Structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin

Black and white photograph of the structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin. Note in envelope reads, "House erected by Oklahoma Historical Society to enclose and preserve the log cabin home of Sequoyah.
Folder 36

1936
Structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin

Black and white photograph of the structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin. Note in envelope reads, "House erected by Oklahoma Historical Society to enclose and preserve the log cabin home of Sequoyah.
Folder 36

1936
Structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin

Black and white photograph of the structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin. Note in envelope reads, "House erected by Oklahoma Historical Society to enclose and preserve the log cabin home of Sequoyah.
Folder 36

1936
Structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin

Black and white photograph of the structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin. Note in envelope reads, "House erected by Oklahoma Historical Society to enclose and preserve the log cabin home of Sequoyah.
Folder 36

1936
Structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin

Black and white photograph of the structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin. Note in envelope reads, "House erected by Oklahoma Historical Society to enclose and preserve the log cabin home of Sequoyah.
Folder 36

1936
Structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin

Black and white photograph of the structure constructed around Sequoyah's log cabin. Note in envelope reads, "House erected by Oklahoma Historical Society to enclose and preserve the log cabin home of Sequoyah.
Folder 36

1936
Sequoyah's log cabin

Black and white photograph of Sequoyah's log cabin.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoyah's log cabin

Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoyah's log cabin

Black and white photograph of Sequoyah's log cabin. Men standing between stone wall (left) and house (right) and in background. Photo taken from behind house.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Site of Sequoyah's log cabin memorial, with Grant Foreman

Black and white photograph of three men in business suits standing in front of Sequoyah's memorial house. Man at far right is Grant Foreman.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Site of Sequoyah's log cabin memorial, with Grant Foreman

Black and white photograph of memorial plaque for Donors to Sequoyah Shrine, a structure around Sequoyah's log cabin. Lists names of donors from Creek, Osage, Cherokee, Seminole, Quapaw, Choctaw, and Chickasaw tribes.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Site of Sequoyah's log cabin memorial, with Grant Foreman

Black and white photograph of crowd of men on platform in front of Sequoyah Shrine. One man standing behind microphone, another man crouching to ground at center.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Site of Sequoyah's log cabin memorial, with Grant Foreman

Black and white photograph of circular structure at Sequoyah Shrine.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Site of Sequoyah's log cabin memorial, with Grant Foreman

Black and white photograph of small building at site of Sequoyah Shrine, log cabin memorial.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Site of Sequoyah's log cabin memorial, with Grant Foreman

Black and white photograph of stone wall and iron gate at site of Sequoyah Shrine.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Site of Sequoyah's log cabin memorial, with Grant Foreman

Black and white photograph of stone wall at site of Sequoyah Shrine.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Site of Sequoyah's log cabin memorial, with Grant Foreman

Black and white photograph of men walking around construction area at site of Sequoyah Shrine.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Site of Sequoyah's log cabin memorial, with Grant Foreman

Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoyah's log cabin, with Robert Blair, owner

Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoyah's log cabin, with Robert Blair, owner

Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoyah's log cabin, with Robert Blair, owner

Black and white photograph of Robet Blair standing under porch of Sequoyah's log cabin. Women seated under porch behind Blair.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900