Finding Aid: Oklahoma Native American Photographs Collection

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: Primarily English with occasional names in their native language.
Description: 1,627 items
Period covered: 1850s - 1950s
Subject matter: There are 1,627 Oklahoma affiliated Native American Photographs in the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive. The photographs have been acquired continuously since the museum’s opening in 1949 and have developed into a significant independent collection over the years. These unique photographs provide a glimpse into tribal life and customs after removal into Indian Territory, now Oklahoma, and visually illustrate the process of adaptation to European customs juxtaposed with attempts to retain unique cultural identities. Prominent individuals with ties to Oklahoma history featured in this collection include Cherokee Chief John Ross (and family), Principal Chief during the Removal Period and after (1820 – 1866); Choctaw Chief Peter Pitchlynn (and family), Choctaw political leader from 1830 through election as Principal Chief (1864 – 1866) and after; and the important Creek Artist Acee Blue Eagle, to name a few. See all of the Oklahoma Native American photographs. 

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Extent: 12 Linear feet

Processing Information Note: Over time the sub-collection of Oklahoma Native American Photographs has grown in importance and was organized by staff according to tribal affiliation. Cataloguing and creation of the finding aid of the Gilcrease Museum's collection of Oklahoma Native American photographs were made possible by the Oklahoma Historical Records Advisory Board, funded by the National Historical Publications & Records Commission, a statutory body affiliated with the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). The grant funded project was completed in 2017 in order to improve the visibility, accessibility, growth and conservation of the collection.

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
http://gilcrease.utulsa.edu/Visit/During-Your-Visit/Policies/Reproduction-Policy

Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests. 

Arrangement Title Description Date
Cherokee, Folder 36 Site of Sequoyah's log cabin memorial, with Grant Foreman

Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoyah's log cabin, with Robert Blair, owner

Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoyah's log cabin, with Robert Blair, owner

Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoyah's log cabin, with Robert Blair, owner

Black and white photograph of Robet Blair standing under porch of Sequoyah's log cabin. Women seated under porch behind Blair.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoyah's log cabin, with Robert Blair, owner

Black and white photograph of Robert Blair, owner, standing in front of porch at Sequoyah's log cabin.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoya's cabin

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Sequoya's cabin

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Plans for stone building around cabin

Plans for stone building around Sequoyah's log cabin home. Includes floor plan, and front and rear elevation sketches.
Folder 36

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 37 Cherokee Bill, Crawford Goldsby

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 37

1850 - 1900
Cherokee Bill

Tintype of Cherokee Bill. Man seated in studio setting wearing wide-brimmed hat, jacket, and cotton shirt. Right hand resting on crossed knee in front of body.
Folder 37

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 38 Presented to Grant Foreman… to be used in making the History of Oklahoma

Black and white portrait photograph of Spencer S. Stephens. Man seated in studio setting with white hair and mustache, and formal business attire.
Folder 38

1850 - 1900
Cherokee, Folder 39 Portrait of Willard Stone

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 39

1940s
Willard Stone

Black and white phtograph of Willard Stone. Racks of his carvings and miscellaneous pottery behind him. Holding carving.
Folder 39

1850 - 1900
Willard Stone

Black and white photograph of Willard Stone. Seated with two carvings on either side and in the process of carving on in the center. Shavings over workdesk.
Folder 39

1962
Cherokee, Folder 40 Photographic proof of the painting 'Trail of Tears'

Black and white photographic proof of painting 'Trail of Tears' by Echohawk. Depicted is a line of Native men, women, and children with wagons walking along plains with Anglo military man on hoseback in middle of painting. A Native family stands off to right side of painting.
Folder 40

1957
Cherokee, Folder 41 Stand Waite, Cherokee Chief

Black and white portrait photograph of Stand Watie, Cherokee Chief. Man seated in studio setting with short cropped hair, Anglo-style jacket, vest, and cotton shirt.
Folder 41

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 1 Black Coyote and his two wives and two babies

Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Black Coyote, Swinging Woman (wife), Yellow Woman (daughter), Cheyenne Woman (daughter), Aban ah (wife)

Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 2 Cheyenne Camp after Battle

Folder 2

1850 - 1900
Indian Sweat Lodge

Folder 2

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 3 Unidentified Cheyenne man, USGS

Folder 3

1850 - 1900
Unidentified man and boy

Folder 3

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Cheyenne warrior

Folder 3

1850 - 1900
Unidentified little girl

Folder 3

1850 - 1900
Unidentified little boy

Folder 3

1850 - 1900
Unidentified little boy with hat

Folder 3

1850 - 1900
Two Sword

Folder 3

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 4 Yellow Crow Woman, mother of Pretty man

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Women and baby

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Sprinkle Horse and Small Back

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Mrs. Sioux Marches and Miss Turkey Legs with her two daughters

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne Girls

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Elva Medicine (Water and her niece)

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Mrs. Herntes with baby and other Cheyenne woman

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Mrs. Brave Bear, Left Hand Woman, and Walking Woman

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Mrs. Fred Hoffman and daughter of Small Nose

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Step daughters or Porcupine Bull

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Black Horn and baby

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Corn Woman

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Laura Standing Elk

Folder 4

1891
Short Teeth, Jr.

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
The Curtis Twins

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne woman

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Cheyenne elder

Black and white photographic postcard of an unidentified Cheyenne elder. He is wearing a calico shirt, peace medal around his neck with wrapped braids, a blanket across his lap and holding shucked corn.
This photograph is part of the Bailey Collection.
Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 5 Stone Calf and Wife

Folder 5

1850 - 1900
Cross Feathers, Wife And Daughter

Folder 5

1908
Cheyenne, Folder 6 Chief Dull Knife

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Little Wolf

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 7 Eagle Feather

Folder 7

1850 - 1900
Mama Eagle Feather

Folder 7

1850 - 1900