Finding Aid: Oklahoma Native American Photographs Collection

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: Primarily English with occasional names in their native language.
Description: 1,627 items
Period covered: 1850s - 1950s
Subject matter: There are 1,627 Oklahoma affiliated Native American Photographs in the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive. The photographs have been acquired continuously since the museum’s opening in 1949 and have developed into a significant independent collection over the years. These unique photographs provide a glimpse into tribal life and customs after removal into Indian Territory, now Oklahoma, and visually illustrate the process of adaptation to European customs juxtaposed with attempts to retain unique cultural identities. Prominent individuals with ties to Oklahoma history featured in this collection include Cherokee Chief John Ross (and family), Principal Chief during the Removal Period and after (1820 – 1866); Choctaw Chief Peter Pitchlynn (and family), Choctaw political leader from 1830 through election as Principal Chief (1864 – 1866) and after; and the important Creek Artist Acee Blue Eagle, to name a few. See all of the Oklahoma Native American photographs. 

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Extent: 12 Linear feet

Processing Information Note: Over time the sub-collection of Oklahoma Native American Photographs has grown in importance and was organized by staff according to tribal affiliation. Cataloguing and creation of the finding aid of the Gilcrease Museum's collection of Oklahoma Native American photographs were made possible by the Oklahoma Historical Records Advisory Board, funded by the National Historical Publications & Records Commission, a statutory body affiliated with the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). The grant funded project was completed in 2017 in order to improve the visibility, accessibility, growth and conservation of the collection.

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
http://gilcrease.utulsa.edu/Visit/During-Your-Visit/Policies/Reproduction-Policy

Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests. 

Arrangement Title Description Date
Cheyenne, Folder 7 Mama Eagle Feather

Folder 7

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 8 Pawnee

Sepia-colored portrait photograph of Pawnee (Cheyenne) headman. Seated, hair partly braided, wearing embroidered shirt, vest, wrapped in blanket, hands crossed in lap, facing three-quarters towards left. Pair of tweezers hang around neck.
Folder 8

1850 - 1900
Edward Guerrer, interpreter

Folder 8

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 9 Oivit, Amisehei, and Nakai

Folder 9

1908
Kamag or Stick

Folder 9

1909
Heap o' Bears

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 10 High Wolf

Folder 10

1850 - 1900
Chief manimmie (Eagle Head)

Folder 10

1850 - 1900
Chief Whirlwind

Folder 10

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 11 Cheyenne and Buffalo Hunt

Folder 11

April 21, 1945
Cheyenne Buffalo Hunt

Folder 11

April 21, 1945
Cheyenne, Folder 12 Delegation of Cheyenne and Arapaho

Folder 12

November 1891
Cheyenne Ghost Dance

Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Mr. and Mrs. Twins at home

Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian Group

Sepia-colored photograph of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian group. Group of men and women, some seated, some standing, in front of large rock formation on slope. Singular man sitting on top of large rock with another large rock behind him. Group wearing Anglo-attire, for the most part, a few wearing traditional dress, or a mixture of both. Written on reverse, "Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian Group".
Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Fat Bear, Big Head, Slim Face and Dull Knife

Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Mad Bull

Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Mad Bull

Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Mad Bull, et al.

Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 13 Riding on Cloud, headman

Folder 13

1850 - 1900
Man on the clouds

15 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 13

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 14 John D. Miles and Mad Wolf, et al, Darlington, I.T.

15 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 14

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 15 Two Moon, Northern Cheyenne Chief

Folder 15

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Cheyenne man

Folder 15

1850 - 1900
Roman Nose, Southern Cheyenne War Chief

Folder 15

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 16 View of Cheyenne School, located at Caddo Springs, Cheyenne and Arapaho agency, I.T.

Folder 16

1850 - 1900
Spotted Wolf's lodge

Folder 16

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 17 Chief Brave Bear, fought in Custer's Battle and Frank Rush of Craterville Park, Oklahoma

Folder 17

1850 - 1900
Ape Walker and Family

Folder 17

1850 - 1900
Anderson Chamberlain and Cheyenne wife, widow of Robert Beul

Folder 17

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 18 Richard West, Cheyenne, Bacone College

Folder 18

1938
Cheyenne, Folder 18a Honii-Woloma or Wolf Robe

Folder 18a

1898
Cheyenne, Folder 19 Mrs. Jacob Zalleweger and her daughter

Folder 19

1850 - 1900
Jacob Zalleweger and Cheyenne wife and daughter

Folder 19

1850 - 1900
Cheyenne, Folder 21 Cheyenne

Folder 21

1850 - 1900
Choctaw, (not assigned) Final Session of the Choctaw Council

Folder 2

November 1905
Choctaw, Folder 1 Final Session of the Choctaw Council

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 1

November 1905
Choctaw, Folder 3 Photograph of a painting of the Choctaw Council House in Tuskahoma

Folder 3

1863
Choctaw, Folder 4 Choctaw Cotton Press

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Old Choctaw Capitol

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Choctaw, Folder 5 Scraping a Skin

Folder 5

1850 - 1900
Ida Moore Johnson, Newton, Kansas, Age 101

Folder 5

September 7, 1971
Unidentified Old Choctaw Woman and baby

Folder 5

1850 - 1900
Jake Homer Finds Picture Making Has Become One of Fine Arts

Folder 5

circa 1928
Choctaw, Folder 6 Rev. Israel Folsom

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Coleman Cole, Principal Governor, Choctaw Nation, 1874-1878

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Alfred Wade, Principal Chief

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
John Bemo, 'King of the Forest'

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Choctaw, Folder 7 Malmaison, Home of Greenwood LeFlore

Folder 7

1850 - 1900
The Family Coach of Greenwood LeFlore, Malmaison, MS

Folder 7

1850 - 1900