Finding Aid: Oklahoma Native American Photographs Collection

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: Primarily English with occasional names in their native language.
Description: 1,627 items
Period covered: 1850s - 1950s
Subject matter: There are 1,627 Oklahoma affiliated Native American Photographs in the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive. The photographs have been acquired continuously since the museum’s opening in 1949 and have developed into a significant independent collection over the years. These unique photographs provide a glimpse into tribal life and customs after removal into Indian Territory, now Oklahoma, and visually illustrate the process of adaptation to European customs juxtaposed with attempts to retain unique cultural identities. Prominent individuals with ties to Oklahoma history featured in this collection include Cherokee Chief John Ross (and family), Principal Chief during the Removal Period and after (1820 – 1866); Choctaw Chief Peter Pitchlynn (and family), Choctaw political leader from 1830 through election as Principal Chief (1864 – 1866) and after; and the important Creek Artist Acee Blue Eagle, to name a few. See all of the Oklahoma Native American photographs. 

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Extent: 12 Linear feet

Processing Information Note: Over time the sub-collection of Oklahoma Native American Photographs has grown in importance and was organized by staff according to tribal affiliation. Cataloguing and creation of the finding aid of the Gilcrease Museum's collection of Oklahoma Native American photographs were made possible by the Oklahoma Historical Records Advisory Board, funded by the National Historical Publications & Records Commission, a statutory body affiliated with the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). The grant funded project was completed in 2017 in order to improve the visibility, accessibility, growth and conservation of the collection.

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
http://gilcrease.utulsa.edu/Visit/During-Your-Visit/Policies/Reproduction-Policy

Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests. 

Arrangement Title Description Date
Choctaw, Folder 10 Col. Peter Pitchlynn, Ex-Governor of the Choctaw Nation

Folder 10

1850 - 1900
Peter P. Pitchlynn

Folder 10

1850 - 1900
Peter P. Pitchlynn

Folder 10

1842
Peter P. Pitchlynn

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 10

1842
Peter P. Pitchlynn

Folder 10

1850 - 1900
Peter P. Pitchlynn

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 10

1850 - 1900
Choctaw, Folder 11 Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
P.J. Crawford

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
George Harkins, Chief of the Apukshunnubbee

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11

1868
J.G. Blunt

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn man

Sepia-colored portrait photograph of an unidentified male Pitchlynn family member. Seated wearing business attire, has goatee.
Folder 11

1875
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Maj. Gen. Stoneman

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
William N. Lueu

Folder 11

September 6, 1875
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
LeFlore

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Pitchlynn Family Photographs, Male Unidentified Pitchlynn by McCrary and Branser

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
John Page

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Lycurgus Pitchlynn

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11

1866
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Dickson W. Lewis

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Choctaw, Folder 11a Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Sophie C. Pitchlynn with dog

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Choctaw, Folder 11a Unidentified Pitchlynn child

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Choctaw, Folder 11a Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn child

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn child

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11a

1851
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11a

possibly 1898
Unidentified Pitchlynn girl

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn feeding birds

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Sophie C. Pitchlynn

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Sophie C. Pitchlynn with chicken

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Sophie C. Pitchlynn

Folder 11a

1850 - 1900
Choctaw, Folder 11b Unidentified Pitchlynn photographs

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn man

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn man

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn woman

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900
2 women

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn photographs

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900