Finding Aid: Oklahoma Native American Photographs Collection

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: Primarily English with occasional names in their native language.
Description: 1,627 items
Period covered: 1850s - 1950s
Subject matter: There are 1,627 Oklahoma affiliated Native American Photographs in the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive. The photographs have been acquired continuously since the museum’s opening in 1949 and have developed into a significant independent collection over the years. These unique photographs provide a glimpse into tribal life and customs after removal into Indian Territory, now Oklahoma, and visually illustrate the process of adaptation to European customs juxtaposed with attempts to retain unique cultural identities. Prominent individuals with ties to Oklahoma history featured in this collection include Cherokee Chief John Ross (and family), Principal Chief during the Removal Period and after (1820 – 1866); Choctaw Chief Peter Pitchlynn (and family), Choctaw political leader from 1830 through election as Principal Chief (1864 – 1866) and after; and the important Creek Artist Acee Blue Eagle, to name a few. See all of the Oklahoma Native American photographs. 

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Extent: 12 Linear feet

Processing Information Note: Over time the sub-collection of Oklahoma Native American Photographs has grown in importance and was organized by staff according to tribal affiliation. Cataloguing and creation of the finding aid of the Gilcrease Museum's collection of Oklahoma Native American photographs were made possible by the Oklahoma Historical Records Advisory Board, funded by the National Historical Publications & Records Commission, a statutory body affiliated with the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). The grant funded project was completed in 2017 in order to improve the visibility, accessibility, growth and conservation of the collection.

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
http://gilcrease.utulsa.edu/Visit/During-Your-Visit/Policies/Reproduction-Policy

Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests. 

Arrangement Title Description Date
Choctaw, Folder 11b Unidentified Pitchlynn photographs

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900
Sophie C. Pitchlynn

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn photographs

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn photographs

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn photographs

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn photographs

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn photographs

Folder 11b

1850 - 1900
Choctaw, Folder 11c Pitchlynn couple

Folder 11c

1850 - 1900
Camp

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 11c

1850 - 1900
Pitchlynn Gravesite

Folder 11c

1850 - 1900
Pitchlynn Family

Folder 11c

1850 - 1900
Pitchlynn woman on boat

Folder 11c

1850 - 1900
U.S. Haskell Institution football team

Folder 11c

1922
Pitchlynn possibly on football team

Folder 11c

1850 - 1900
Greenough's Washington in East Capitol Grounds

Folder 11c

1850 - 1900
East Portico of the Capitol

Folder 11c

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Pitchlynn

Folder 11c

1850 - 1900
Peter Paul Pitchlynn, U.S. Indian School, Haskell, Lawrence. Kansas

Folder 11c

1850 - 1900
Pitchlynn Grave

Folder 11c

1891
City Post Office

Folder 11c

1850 - 1900
Pushmataha's Grave

Folder 11c

1850 - 1900
Choctaw, Folder 12 Choctaw pipe smoked by Chief Greenwood LeFlore at signing of Dancing Rabbit Treaty

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 12

1830
Comanche, Folder 1 Comanche Brave

Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Comanche Brave

Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Chief Heap Wolves

Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Chief Mow-way

Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Chief Otter Belt

Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Otter Belt

Folder 1

1850 - 1900
A Mexican boy recovered from the Comanche

Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Comanche, Folder 3 "Asa-to-yet" or Gray Leggings

Folder 3

1872
Ten Bears

Folder 3

1872
Esa-lon-yett (or Asa-to-yet)

Folder 3

1850 - 1900
Horse Back's Camp

Folder 3

1850 - 1900
Horse Back's Camp

Folder 3

1850 - 1900
Comanche, Folder 4 Hand Shaker's (Mow-way's) Camp

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photograph Collection
Folder 4

1850 - 1900
The Bear's Camp

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
A Comanche Camp

Folder 4

1868 or 1872
Qua-ah-dah Comanche Camp

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Comanche Lodge of Buffalo Skins

Folder 4

1834
Comanche Town near Fort Sill, I.T.

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Tab-e-nan-i-kah or Hear the Sun Cry

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Comanche Boy at Fort Sill

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Comanche, Folder 5 Comanche John's Camp

Folder 5

1850 - 1900
Esiperme

Folder 5

1850 - 1900
Comanche, Folder 6 Anna Lee, Coos-o-woom

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Wife of Cheevers

Folder 6

1872
Mother of Cheevers

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Comanche woman

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Comanche Girls

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Comanche women

Folder 6

1850 - 1900