Finding Aid: Oklahoma Native American Photographs Collection

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: Primarily English with occasional names in their native language.
Description: 1,627 items
Period covered: 1850s - 1950s
Subject matter: There are 1,627 Oklahoma affiliated Native American Photographs in the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive. The photographs have been acquired continuously since the museum’s opening in 1949 and have developed into a significant independent collection over the years. These unique photographs provide a glimpse into tribal life and customs after removal into Indian Territory, now Oklahoma, and visually illustrate the process of adaptation to European customs juxtaposed with attempts to retain unique cultural identities. Prominent individuals with ties to Oklahoma history featured in this collection include Cherokee Chief John Ross (and family), Principal Chief during the Removal Period and after (1820 – 1866); Choctaw Chief Peter Pitchlynn (and family), Choctaw political leader from 1830 through election as Principal Chief (1864 – 1866) and after; and the important Creek Artist Acee Blue Eagle, to name a few. See all of the Oklahoma Native American photographs. 

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Extent: 12 Linear feet

Processing Information Note: Over time the sub-collection of Oklahoma Native American Photographs has grown in importance and was organized by staff according to tribal affiliation. Cataloguing and creation of the finding aid of the Gilcrease Museum's collection of Oklahoma Native American photographs were made possible by the Oklahoma Historical Records Advisory Board, funded by the National Historical Publications & Records Commission, a statutory body affiliated with the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). The grant funded project was completed in 2017 in order to improve the visibility, accessibility, growth and conservation of the collection.

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
http://gilcrease.utulsa.edu/Visit/During-Your-Visit/Policies/Reproduction-Policy

Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests. 

Arrangement Title Description Date
Comanche, Folder 6 Mother of Cheevers

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Comanche woman

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Comanche Girls

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Comanche women

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Unidentified Comanche Woman

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Lena Fisher, Comanche Girl

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Comanche, Folder 7 Possibly Fred W. Wenry (in uniform) and his brother-in-law at Anadarko, OK American Indian Exposition

Folder 7

1850 - 1900
Attocni or Lone Tipi

Folder 7

1926
Kujou or Hair Hanging Down

Folder 7

1850 - 1900
Mum-shu-kawa

Folder 7

1914
Comanche, Folder 8 Chief Horse Back

Folder 8

1850 - 1900
Chief Horse Back

Folder 8

1850 - 1900
Comanche, Folder 9 Wife of Asa Haive

Folder 9

1872
Asa Haive or the Milky Way

Folder 9

1872
To-sho-way or Silver Knife

Folder 9

1872
Wife of Asa Haive

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Comanche, Folder 10 Old man Red Bird

Folder 10

1850 - 1900
The Kiowa-Comanche Council at Mount Scott with Quanah Parker

Folder 10

1850 - 1900
Comanche, Folder 11 Quanah Parker

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Quanah Parker

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Quanah Parker

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Quanah Parker

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Quanah Parker

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Quanah Parker

Folder 11

1850 - 1900
Comanche, Folder 12 Child of Quanah Parker

Folder 12

1892
Children of Quanah Parker

Folder 12

1850 - 1900
Parker with oldest son

This is a photograph of Quanah Parker and his oldest son taken on back porch of Quanah’s home with Mrs. Wenner and two boys. Quanah’s 21 year old son was a graduate of Carlyle and eventually died of tuberculosis.
Folder 12

August 8, 1901
Fifth and favorite wife, Too-nice, and son at Parker home in Wichita Mountains

Photograph of Quanah's fifth and favorite wife, Too-nice and her little son at the back of the porch of the Parker home in the Wichita Mountains. It took the photographer Wenner two hours getting those being photographed in focus. Wenner took this photo when Too-nice came out to get a drink. He photographed the scene and enlarged the photograph. Wenner went on to use this photograph and many others in newspaper stories and at the World's Fair in St. Louis.
Folder 12

August 8, 1901
Son and last woman, Too-nice

This is a photograph of Quanah Parker's little son by his last and favorite wife, Too-nice. Photographer Fred Wenner's little boys were used a decoys to get the others outside in the camera's frame. Too-nice and the child next to her began dodging behind the porch posts before a good photograph could be taken. According to photographer Wenner, "Indian women were always against having their pictures taken, the men never." Folder 12

August 8, 1901
Comanche, Folder 13 Home of Quanah Parker in the Wichita Mountain, The Comanche White House

Folder 13

1898
Breakfast at Chief Quanah Parkers

Folder 13

1850 - 1900
House of Quanah Parker

Folder 13

1850 - 1900
Delegation of Comanche. Kiowa, and Apache, including Quanah Parker

Folder 13

1850 - 1900
Chief Quanah Parker in his office

Folder 13

1850 - 1900
Comanche, Folder 14 Delegation photograph of Big Looking Glass, Apache John and Wooden Lance

Delegation photograph of (from right to left) Wooden Lance(Kiowa), Apache John (Kiowa/Apache) and Big Looking Glass (Comanche).
Folder 14

1850 - 1900
Comanche, Folder 15 Left Hand

Folder 15

1910
Left Hand

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photography Collection
Folder 15

1850 - 1900
Euchee, Folder 1 Chief S.W. Brown, Jr. in chieftains dress

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photography Collection
Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Chief S.W. Brown, Jr.

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photography Collection
Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Photograph of a portrait of S.W. Brown, Jr.

Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Chief S.W. Brown, et al

Folder 1

1944
Chief S.W. Brown, Jr. instructing Indian ball players

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photography Collection
Folder 1

1940
Identified People, Folder 17 Milford G. Chandler

Milford G. Chandler was a collector of Native American artifacts and worked at the Field Museum in Chicago, Illinois. He was made an honorary member of several Native American tribes and was considered a good friend to the tribes.
Folder 17

1850 - 1900
Indian Miscellaneous, Folder 1a Three unidentified men (two of the men might be Sioux)

Folder 1a

1850 - 1900
Kaw, Folder 1 No-pa-wy, Kaw Indian bark house

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photography Collection
Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Kickapoo, Folder 1 Chief Babeshkit, delegate from Oklahoma

Folder 1

1894
Kickapoo, Folder 2 Tall Chief, Kickapoo

Folder 2

1850 - 1900
Wickeup of a Mexican Kickapoo brave, We-con-nah-pit, Sac and Fox Agency, I.T.

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photography Collection
Folder 2

1850 - 1900
Kiowa, Folder 1 Big Bow, Jr. and Family

Folder 1

1850 - 1900
Big Bow, Jr.

Folder 1

1893