Finding Aid: Oklahoma Native American Photographs Collection

Institution: Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive
Language of Material: Primarily English with occasional names in their native language.
Description: 1,627 items
Period covered: 1850s - 1950s
Subject matter: There are 1,627 Oklahoma affiliated Native American Photographs in the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive. The photographs have been acquired continuously since the museum’s opening in 1949 and have developed into a significant independent collection over the years. These unique photographs provide a glimpse into tribal life and customs after removal into Indian Territory, now Oklahoma, and visually illustrate the process of adaptation to European customs juxtaposed with attempts to retain unique cultural identities. Prominent individuals with ties to Oklahoma history featured in this collection include Cherokee Chief John Ross (and family), Principal Chief during the Removal Period and after (1820 – 1866); Choctaw Chief Peter Pitchlynn (and family), Choctaw political leader from 1830 through election as Principal Chief (1864 – 1866) and after; and the important Creek Artist Acee Blue Eagle, to name a few. See all of the Oklahoma Native American photographs. 

Background: Staff, interns, and volunteers of the Thomas Gilcrease Library and Archive have contributed to the organization and maintenance of the files since the collection passed to the City of Tulsa in the 1950s. The Gilcrease Foundation acquired these materials before 1964 and is housed in the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). The library currently receives most materials through community donation, board members, artists and the acquisition of manuscript collections.

Extent: 12 Linear feet

Processing Information Note: Over time the sub-collection of Oklahoma Native American Photographs has grown in importance and was organized by staff according to tribal affiliation. Cataloguing and creation of the finding aid of the Gilcrease Museum's collection of Oklahoma Native American photographs were made possible by the Oklahoma Historical Records Advisory Board, funded by the National Historical Publications & Records Commission, a statutory body affiliated with the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). The grant funded project was completed in 2017 in order to improve the visibility, accessibility, growth and conservation of the collection.

Restrictions: Please, contact the Rights and Reproduction Department for information on publishing or reproducing materials included in these records. Permission will be granted by the Gilcrease Museum as the owner of the physical materials, and does not imply permission from the copyright holder. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all necessary permissions from the copyright holder.
http://gilcrease.utulsa.edu/Visit/During-Your-Visit/Policies/Reproduction-Policy

Availability: This collection is open for use by appointment only at the Helmerich Center for American Research (HCAR). Contact the Library at 918-631-6441 or renee-harvey@utulsa.edu in advance to inquire if materials exist pertaining to your research interests. 

Arrangement Title Description Date
Kiowa, Folder 1 Big Bow, Jr.'s wife and child

Folder 1

1893
Big Bow, Kiowa

Folder 1

circa 1894
Kiowa, Folder 2 Blackbear Bosin's grand-daughter, Tiki

Folder 2

1850 - 1900
Ish-ni-api 'Wesley,' Blackbear Bosin

Folder 2

1850 - 1900
Blackbear Bosin's grand-daughter, Tiki

Folder 2

1850 - 1900
Blackbear Bosin, Kiowa/Comanche

Folder 2

1850 - 1900
Kiowa, Folder 3 Kah-kee-tsee, the Thighs, possibly Wichita

Folder 3

1850 - 1900
Tunk-aht-oh-ye, Kiowa lad

Folder 3

1834
Kiowa, Folder 4 Kiowa Dancers

Folder 4

1850 - 1900
Kiowa Dance, Tahlequah

Folder 4

May 7, 1934
Kiowa Dancers

Folder 4

1934
Kiowa Dancers

Folder 4

1934
Kiowa Dancers

Folder 4

1934
Kiowa, Folder 5 Mother and two children

Folder 5

1850 - 1900
Kiowa women

Folder 5

1850 - 1900
Kiowa Girl

Folder 5

1892 - 1893
Kiowa Giroup, little girl in foreground

Folder 5

1892 - 1893
Group of Kiowa girls

Folder 5

1892 - 1893
Kiowa Girls

Folder 5

1892 - 1893
Aisima, or Tipi Track Women (9 years old)

Folder 5

1893
Kiowa Indian Girl with buckskin dress trimmed with elk teeth

Folder 5

1850 - 1900
Kiowa girls at Fort Sill

Folder 5

1850 - 1900
Tinnietone's Little Boy, Kiowa

Folder 5

1850 - 1900
Kiowa, Folder 6 Inali in ceremonial dress

Folder 6

1893
Inali in ceremonial dress

Folder 6

1893
Kiowa brave in war dress

Folder 6

1868 or 1872
Kiowa Boys

Folder 6

1850 - 1900
Kiowa, Folder 7 Kicking Bird (or Kicking Eagle), Kiowa Indian Chief

Folder 7

1850 - 1900
Kicking Bird's village near Wichita Mountains

Folder 7

1850 - 1900
Kicking Bird's Camp

2 copies of this photograph exist in the Gilcrease Photography Collection
Folder 7

1850 - 1900
Kiowa, Folder 8 Lone Wolf, Head Chief of Kiowas,

Folder 8

1850 - 1900
Lone Wolf, Head Chief of Kiowas

Folder 8

1869
Lone Wolf, Kiowa

Folder 8

1850 - 1900
Guija-go or Lone Wolf woman

Folder 8

1872
Tan-ankia, son of Lone Wolf

Folder 8

1868 or 1872
Kiowa, Folder 9 Chief Torn-e-ath-to and woman

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Chief Trotting Wolf and woman

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Kiowa brave in war dress

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Ho'detaide

Folder 9

1892
Elk Tongue and daughter Akea or A Nice Walk

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Group of six chiefs: Chewas-a-kan, Tab-i-nan, Kei-ki-ne, Te-be-gey-sey, Ad-de-bey, Po-hae-i-cey

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Possibly Chief Heidsieck

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Indian Group, probably Kiowa, Southwestern Oklahoma

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Ap-pe-ah-tone and woman

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Cow shield, cow-horn headdress, bridle pendent, and pouch used by Tsentainti, a Kiowa raider

Folder 9

1850 - 1900
Decorated tobacco pouch

Folder 9

1905
Kiowa, Folder 10 Kiowa Mythic Legends, from the journal of 'Silver Horn'

Folder 10

1850 - 1900
Kiowa Mythic Legends, from the journal of 'Silver Horn'

Folder 10

1850 - 1900
Kiowa Mythic Legends, from the journal of 'Silver Horn'

Folder 10

1850 - 1900
Kiowa Mythic Legends, from the journal of 'Silver Horn'

Folder 10

1850 - 1900