Gilcrease Museum is temporarily closed for construction.

Get the Full Story

An Enemy that Warns / Charles Marion Russell

Gallery Label

Despite the resemblance between An Enemy that Warns (0837.25) and study of a wolf (TU2009.39.53), the latter was not the exact model for An Enemy that Warns. That model was probably destroyed in the mold making process. Instead, An Enemy that Warns is probably from a later version of a similar wax sculpture that was finally cast in bronze. Sculptors commonly used modeling wax (a variable mixture of different waxes and oils) to create original works of art like this. Ten casts of An Enemy that Warns are estimated to have been made during Russell’s life, although 14 or more casts exist in public and private collections.

From the exhibition: Frontier to Foundry: the Making of Small Bronze Sculpture in the Gilcrease Collection, December 2014 - March 2015.
Ann Boulton Young, Associate Conservator for the Gilcrease Museum, 2014.

Curatorial Remarks

The wolf was probably cast separately and added to the base. The bottom is covered with sheet metal, which is partly detached.

Information given by Ann Boulton Young, Associate Conservator for the Gilcrease Museum, 2018

You may be interested in...

An Enemy that Warns
Charles Marion Russell (Artist)
Roman Bronze Works (Foundry)
Dr. Philip G. Cole Collection (Artist)
modeled 1921; lost-wax cast between 1922 and 1926
lost-wax cast in bronze
Object Type: 
Credit Line: 
Gift of the Thomas Gilcrease Foundation, 1955
Accession No: 
Previous Number(s): 
0837.25; 30129
Not On View

Our Online Collections site is a work in progress. If you have information about this item that may be of assistance, please contact us.