Gilcrease Museum is temporarily closed for construction.

Get the Full Story

Woman in Window / T. C. Cannon

Essay/Description

Caddo and Kiowa (Cáuigù)1 artist T. C. Cannon often drew upon the techniques of the Post-Impressionist and Fauvist movements in his vibrant works. For his woodblock print Woman in Window, which also references complex conceptions of the representation of Indigenous women, Cannon collaborated with two Japanese masters whose signatures are in the lower right, woodblock carver Kentaro Maeda and printer Matashiro Uchikawa. The woman’s red-dyed Northern Plains–style wool dress is adorned with stars on the sleeves, indicating her participation in the Ghost Dance. The front of the dress features yellow cowrie shells and the collar is decorated with gold bugle beads, with a cross from a rosary stitched near the collarbone; she wears five-tier earrings. The cream-colored stripes at the shoulders and cuffs are an homage to the U.S. Army wool remnants supplied to Indigenous communities through trade and government rationing. An ornate pattern of red paint appears to drip down her face from the part in her hair.

Her watchful eyes challenge the dynamic of traditional Western paintings depicting Indigenous women as Other, or as objectified exotic examples of a vanishing race. The liberatory shift in gaze empowers the Indigenous woman, often gazed upon, as she herself becomes the viewer. The linear floral wallpaper prints frame both the subject and the landscape in the background.

—Jordan Poorman Cocker, Henry Luce Foundation Curatorial Scholar for Indigenous Painting Collection Research, 2021

_____________________________
1 Cáuigù is the correct identity used by the Kiowa Tribe.

You may be interested in...

Title(s): 
Woman in Window
Creator(s): 
T. C. Cannon (Artist)
Culture: 
Native American; Caddo, Kiowa
Date: 
circa 1970s
Materials/Techniques: 
woodcut on paper
Classification: 
Object Type: 
Credit Line: 
Gift of Joyce Cannon Yi
Accession No: 
14.878
Previous Number(s): 
TL2004.231.1
Department: 
Signed by hand in ink, "TC Cannon" in lower right on recto; Notes in the artist's hand; Inscribed by hand in pencil, "A.P. IX" in lower left on recto.
Not On View

Our Online Collections site is a work in progress. If you have information about this item that may be of assistance, please contact us.