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Avenue Polychrome Foot Effigy Bottle / Southeast, Mississippian

Essay/Description

Human Leg and Foot Effigy; Large effigy bottle in the shape of a human leg, decorated with broad alternating red and white painted horizontal bands, separated by narrow dark colored bands. This vessel was restored. All of the front part of the foot is plaster.

Much of this pottery was painted with red, white and black pigments in elaborate interlocking designs or in stripes. Other pottery was finished as black or dark grayware that was incised and/or engraved with curvilinear and rectilinear designs. This effigy vessel is an example of the Avenue Polychrome pottery type. The use of shell temper, and black, red and white pigments in painting the design is characteristic of the Avenue Polychrome.

Curatorial Remarks

Avenue Polychrome (Phillips 1970:41) polished bottle with direct rim and rolled lip. Vertical neck painted in red and anthropomorphic leg body with white and red bands limited by black lines. Modeled foot without paint as base. 2.5YR 5/4 Reddish Brown (Paste). 10R 4/8 Red (paint). 10YR 8/3 Very Pale Brown (paint). 10YR 4/1 Dark Gray (paint). N3/0 Very Dark Gray (paint).


Phillips, Philip. Archaeological Survey in the lower Yazoo Basin, Mississippi, 1949-1955. Vol. 60. Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology. Cambridge, MA: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, 1970.

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Title(s): 
Avenue Polychrome Foot Effigy Bottle; Large effigy bottle in the shape of a human leg decorated with red and white painted horizontal bands
Culture: 
Southeast, Mississippian
Date: 
1400-1600 CE
Period: 
Late Mississippian
Place: 
Saint Francis county, Arkansas
Materials/Techniques: 
Clay, shells, painted, polished
Object Type: 
Accession No: 
54.346
Previous Number(s): 
V-1284; 5425.346; Lemley V-1284
Department: 
Not On View

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