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Incised shell fragment / Southeast, Mississippian

Essay/Description

This incised shell fragment is part of the body and shoulder section of the body whorl, or shell cup, of a whole marine shell. The shell has been incised with the concentric circle, or sun circle, motif with what could be either feathers or a beak attached to the left lower corner of the outermost circle. Therefore, possibly representing a bird head motif. The design is executed in the Craig A style. After the artist completes incising (or removing small and precise amounts of material through carving methods) the design onto the shell, a pigment is rubbed into the incised (or carved) lines. The incised design is located on the convex, exterior surface of the shell. The artifact possesses a smooth texture with square and jagged edges. Overall shape of the artifact loosely resembles a square.

Object’s Site Number: Lf Cr I1 B? - 49

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Title(s): 
Incised shell fragment
Culture: 
Southeast, Mississippian
Date: 
700 - 1600 CE
Period: 
Mississippian
Place: 
Le Flore, Oklahoma
Materials/Techniques: 
Marine Shell, Pigment
Classification: 
Accession No: 
90.1698
Department: 
Not On View

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