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Pigmented incised shell fragment with a bird motif / Southeast, Mississippian

Essay/Description

This incised shell pendant fragment is made from body section of the body whorl, or shell cup, of a whole marine shell. The shell has been incised with a bird motif and is executed in the Craig A style. The “hawklike bird” depicted in the design is represented by the body and talons of the creature. After the artist completes incising (or removing small and precise amounts of material through carving methods) the design onto the shell, a pigment is rubbed into the incised (or carved) lines. The incised design is located on the concave, possibly interior surface of the shell. The artifact possesses a smooth texture with jagged and squared edges. Overall shape of the artifact loosely resembles a vertical rectangle with a corner missing.

Phillips and Brown (1978) Plate 152

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Title(s): 
Pigmented incised shell fragment with a bird motif
Culture: 
Southeast, Mississippian
Date: 
700 - 1600 CE
Period: 
Mississippian
Place: 
Le Flore, Oklahoma
Materials/Techniques: 
Marine Shell, Pigment
Classification: 
Accession No: 
90.590
Department: 
Not On View

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